English Language Terminology

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Pragmatics
Assumed meaning - how language works in action. How people get their meaning across within different social contexts.
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Paralinguistic features
Facial expressions, body language and how these influence the meaning of a phrase/word.
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Prosodic features
Tone of voice, pitch and volume.
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Semantics
Study of meanings and how they are created through choice of words and phrases.
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Denotation
Straightforward meaning of a word.
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Connotation
The associations a word has.
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Synonyms
Words that have a similar meaning to a certain word.
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Antonyms
Words with opposite meanings.
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Semantic Field
Groups of words that are connected in meaning.
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Hypernyms
General words. E.G. furniture
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Hyponyms
More specific words. E.G. table
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Euphemism
Avoid stating exactly what we mean. E.G. 'We're releasing you'
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Dysphemisms
Stating exactly what we mean. E.G. 'You're fired'
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Figurative language
Isn't meant to be taken literally. Classified into categories; similes, metaphors, personification.
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Phatic talk
Polite language that makes conversations run smoothly
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Facial expressions, body language and how these influence the meaning of a phrase/word.

Back

Paralinguistic features

Card 3

Front

Tone of voice, pitch and volume.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Study of meanings and how they are created through choice of words and phrases.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Straightforward meaning of a word.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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