English L&L HL Rhetorical terms

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Similie
A figure of speech that makes a comparison, using “like” or “as”
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Metaphor
– mixed (idiomatic phrase mixed), extended (a metaphor that drags on, ex. Vernon’s learnings), dead (a metaphor used so much it stops being seen as a metaphor. Ex. “Time is running out.”)
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Allusion
Brief, indirect reference to a person/place/thing/idea of historical/cultural/literary/political significance
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Triad
The power of three
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Parallelism
Use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction/sound/meaning/meter
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Euphemism
Polite, indirect expressions that replace words and phrases considered harsh/impolite/unpleasant
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Diction
Choice and use of words/phrases. Can be pretentious, emotive, values, beliefs, prejudice
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Anaphora
Deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence for an effect.
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Hyperbole
Exaggeration of ideas for emphasis
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Understatement
Figure of speech employed by writers or speakers to intentionally make a situation seem less important than it really is.
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Rhetorical question
Asked for effect/lay emphasis on a point discussed with no expected answer.
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Figure of speech
A word or phrase used in a non-literal sense for rhetorical or vivid effect.
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Rhetoric
Using language effectively/persuasively
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Antithesis
Two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect.
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Ethos
Credibility/ethical appeal that involves persuasion by the character involved
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Logos
A statement, sentence or argument used to convince or persuade the targeted audience by employing reason or logic; Logos mostly employs the utilization of inductive and deductive reasoning methods to be effective.
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Pathos
Quality of an experience in life/art that stirs up emotions of pity/sympathy/sorrow
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Syllogism
A rhetorical device that starts an argument with a reference to something general and from this it draws conclusion about something more specific.
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Asyndeton
A stylistic device used in literature and poetry to intentionally eliminate conjunctions between the phrases and in the sentence, yet maintain the grammatical accuracy.
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(Poly)syndeton
Several coordinating conjunctions are used in succession in order to achieve an artistic effect.
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Context
Who, where, when
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Structure
Organizational method of the text
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Nonverbal communication
Remember Cuddy: Do you make yourself smaller or larger?
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Sentence construction
Can be long, short, varied (ex. teenage skaz)
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Hypophora
Figure of speech in which a writer raises a question and then immediately provides an answer to that question.
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Analogy
A comparison in which an idea or thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it. It aims at explaining that idea or thing by comparing it to something that is familiar. Metaphors and similes are tools used to draw an analogy.
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Anti-climax
A disappointing situation or a sudden transition in discourse from an important idea to a ludicrous or trivial one; At a specific point, expectations are raised, everything is built up and then suddenly something boring and disappointing happens
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Plot point
A significant event in the plot that spins the action around in another direction
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Tone
Attitude of a writer towards a subject or audience
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Assonance
Two or more words close to one another repeat the same vowel sound but start with different consonant sounds
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Characterisation
Highlight and explain the details about a character in a story.
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Oxymoron
Figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect. The common oxymoron phrase is a combination of an adjective proceeded by a noun with contrasting meanings e.g. “cruel kindness” or “living death”
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Irony
Words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words.
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Motif
An image, sound, action or other figures that have a symbolic significance and contributes toward the development of theme.
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Epistrophe
The same word returns at the end of each sentence (like the opposite of an anaphora)
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Foreshadowing
A writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

– mixed (idiomatic phrase mixed), extended (a metaphor that drags on, ex. Vernon’s learnings), dead (a metaphor used so much it stops being seen as a metaphor. Ex. “Time is running out.”)

Back

Metaphor

Card 3

Front

Brief, indirect reference to a person/place/thing/idea of historical/cultural/literary/political significance

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The power of three

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Use of components in a sentence that are grammatically the same; or similar in their construction/sound/meaning/meter

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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