English Lang Paper 1

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  • Created by: thepin123
  • Created on: 20-05-16 10:42
Speech mode
Ephemeral, spontaneous, face to face, lower status
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Writing mode
Permanent, planned, decontextualised, highly structured
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Blended mode
Includes features of both speech and writing. Shown in computer mediated communications
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Computer mediated communications
Communications on computers: forums, social media, texting etc.
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What is a noun
a 'naming' word
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Proper nouns
names of people and places
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Abstract nouns
names of a state rather than objects e.g. feelings, happy
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Concrete nouns
a noun that refers to a physical thing you can touch e.g. elephant
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What is a verb
a 'doing' word
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Material processes
Describe action or event e.g. hit, run, eat
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Relational processes
Describe states of being e.g appear, be, seem
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Mental processes
Describe perception, thoughts e.g. think, speak
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Dynamic processes
Describe change in state over time e.g. paint, remove
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Auxiliary verbs
Verbs used before the main verb in a sentence to give extra information e.g do, have, be
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What are adjectives
Words that describe a noun e.g beautiful, old, ugly
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What are adverbs
Words that modify a verb, adjective, another adverb or a sentence e.g happily, very or frankly
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they take the place of the noun
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Personal pronouns
replaces people or things e.g I, we, you, he, she
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Indefinite pronouns
don't refer to a specific person or thing e.g anybody, someone
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Possessive pronouns
my, your, his, her
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Sentence types
Declarative, Imperative, Interrogative, Exclamative
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Declarative sentence
Statements that give information e.g the summer was the hottest on record
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Imperative sentence
give orders and instructions, they start with a main verb and don't have a subject e.g go forward
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Interrogative sentence
ask questions e.g where are you going?
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Exclamative sentence
convey force of a statement, usually end with an exclamation mark e.g I hate you!
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word order in a sentence
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a modifying word that determines the kind of reference a noun has e.g a, the, every
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Prescriptivist view
any English other than Standard English is grammatically incorrect
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Descriptivist view
language is always changing, slang is part of the development
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Affordances and Limitations
what you can and can't do
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Dominant ideologies
social and cultural views held by the majority
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an abbreviation consisting of the initial letters pronounced separately (BBC)
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a word formed from the initial letters of other words (NASA)
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come before the noun
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come after the noun
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Prosodic features
How things are said, the stress, pitch, temp etc.
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Paralinguistic features
It is the use of gestures, facial expressions and other non-verbal features to add meaning to the speakers message
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Phatic talk
small talk e.g how are you? Fine. Cold Isn't it? Freezing.
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speech used by a particular social group
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how an individual speaks
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Tag questions
Turns statements into questions e.g It's a bit expensive round here, isn't it
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Vague language
statements that sound imprecise e.g what sit, or whatever, thingummy
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the slurring of one or more sounds or syllables e.g gonna = going to
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missing part of a grammatical structure e.g you going to the party (missing 'are' at the beginning)
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inserted into speech to allow time to think e.g 'um', 'er'
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Words and phrases which soften or weaken the force e.g 'maybe', 'I think', 'possibly'
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text within a text
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Permanent, planned, decontextualised, highly structured


Writing mode

Card 3


Includes features of both speech and writing. Shown in computer mediated communications


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Communications on computers: forums, social media, texting etc.


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


a 'naming' word


Preview of the back of card 5
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