ELizabethan 1558-1603

  • Created by: sophie
  • Created on: 30-05-18 17:49
Who were Elizabeth I's parents?
Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn
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Who were Elizabeth's siblings?
Edward VI and Mary I
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Growing up, what place in line to the throne was Elizabeth?
Third, behind her brother and older sister
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Four things about Elizabeth's character
Cautious, confident, intelligent, well educated, untrusting
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Why didn't people want her to rule?
They thought women couldn't rule and Henry VIII had once called her illegitimate
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Name some of the suitors that Elizabeth rejected
King Phillip of Spain, Robert Dudley, Prince Eric of Sweden
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Why was the English economy weak when Elizabeth came to power?
Her siblings had spent too much money and her father had debased all the coins
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Why couldn't Elizabeth marry an English catholic?
Due to the religious settlement, England was a protestant country
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Why couldn't Elizabeth marry an English noble?
It would cause anger and resentment amongst her favourites and her privy council members
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Why couldn't Elizabeth marry a foreign prince or king?
It could give a foreign country too much influence in England
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Who was in Elizabeth's court?
Her maids, ladies in waiting, servants, privy council members and closest and most trusted advisors
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Why did all the members of the court want to be Elizabeth's favourite?
They could receive patronage for certain goods and become rich or get given titles that they didn't really deserve
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How did patronage ensure loyalty?
It made people like Elizabeth and want to remain within her favour
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What was the name for a local law enforcer?
Justice of the peace
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What were the two main roles of the privy council?
To give advice to the queen and to control the government
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Who was Elizabeth's closest advisor?
William Cecil
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What were the two chambers of parliament?
House of lords and house of commons
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How were the people in the house of lords chosen?
Made up of members of the nobility and senior churchmen
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How were the people in the house of commons chosen?
They were elected but only by men who had property and money
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What were parliaments three main functions?
Taxation, legislation and advice
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How many sessions of parliament did she call in her 44 year reign?
13 sessions
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What topics could parliament not discuss?
Religion, succession or the foreign policy
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What year did Essex launch a rebellion?
1601
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Why did religious changes mean less support for the poor?
The dissolution of the monasteries
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Why was there inflation in the 16th century?
Increasing population, poorer standards of living, no wage increases, competition for land to live and work on
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What was the export that was more profitable than grain?
Wool
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What three categories could the poor be split into?
The deserving poor, the helpless poor and the undeserving poor
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What kind of people were the deserving poor?
People who wanted work but couldn't find it in their town or village
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What kind of people were the helpless poor?
Those who were unable to support themselves, young orphans, widows, the elderly, sick or disabled
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What kind of people were the undeserving poor?
Beggars, criminals and those who refused to work
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What were punishments for the undeserving poor?
Public whipping, stocks
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What was the name of the tax that the poor law introduced?
Poor rate
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What poor people did the parish have to help?
The poor people of that parish
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What group of people became richer during Elizabeth's reign?
The landowners/Gentry/Nobility/Upper classes
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What were popular decorations within the houses of the gentry?
Portraits, miniatures, tapestries and embroideries
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What kind of children were taught by a private tutor within the home?
Upper class children
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What were petty schools?
Small local schools that provided a basic education
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What was taught in petty schools?
Reading, writing, a little maths, the alphabet and the lords prayer
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Who went to petty schools?
Mainly boys although a few girls did too, and there was no set age, pupils usually joined aged six and left when they could read
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What were grammar schools?
Larger schools providing a better education
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Who went to grammar schools?
Mainly boys of upper and middle class backgrounds. Some grammar schools offered places to brighter boys of poorer backgrounds
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What was taught at grammar schools?
Latin and classical literature
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What were the three specialisms at university?
Law, theology or medicine
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What were some popular pastimes in court?
Hunting, sports, fencing, football, feasting
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What type of buildings were theatres in?
Round open aired buildings
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Why were many theatres outside of the city walls on Southbank?
Theatre was seen by the privy council as a site of crime and immorality
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What was the sentence for a 'witch' who had caused death?
They'd be hung
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What was the sentence for a 'witch' charged with little crimes like herbal remedies?
One year in prison
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Why were men attracted to exploration?
Economic benefits and to gain the personal approval from the queen
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What year was Raleigh disgraced from court?
1592
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What was the act that gave Elizabeth control of the church?
The act of supremacy
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What were the religious reforms that Elizabeth made?
Going to church was compulsory, new prayer book, all parishes had to have a copy of the bible in English
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What were the concessions to the reforms?
The wording of the communion service was kept vague, churches were allowed limited decorations and catholic vestments were allowed
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What group of people challenged the religious settlement?
Puritans
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Who was Mary Queen of Scots?
Elizabeth's cousin
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Why was Mary Queen of Scots a threat to Elizabeth?
She had a strong claim to the English throne and was catholic
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What year did Mary flee to England?
1568
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When did the northern rebellion break out?
1569
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What did the pope do to Elizabeth?
He expelled her from the Catholic Church
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What was the name of foreign priests who strengthen English catholicism?
Missionary priests
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When did Parliament pass two anti-catholic acts?
1581
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What were the names of the catholic plots to put Mary on the throne?
Babbington plot, Ridolfi plot and Throckmorton plot
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When was Mary Queen of Scots executed?
8th February 1587
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When was the Spanish Armada?
1588
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Who won the Spanish Armada?
England
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who were Elizabeth's siblings?

Back

Edward VI and Mary I

Card 3

Front

Growing up, what place in line to the throne was Elizabeth?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Four things about Elizabeth's character

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why didn't people want her to rule?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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