ed. key words

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social solidarity
social unity, a sense of togetherness
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specialised devision of labour
a labour force with a large number of specialised occupations
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secondary socialisation
the process of socialisation that builds on the primary socialisation of the family e.g. education
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value consensus
an agreement about the major values in society
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role allocation
allocation people to roles that suit their aptitude and capabilites
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equality of oppurtunity/ parity of esteem
a system where everyone has the same chances to suceed
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ruling class ideology
a false picture of society which justifies the position of the ruling class
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correspondence theory
a theory which shows the similarity between two things i.e. how school life and work are similar
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reproduction of class inequalities
new generations of workers with skills and attitudes required to stay in the same class as their parents
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anti-school subculture
a rejection of the norms and values of school and their replacement with anti-school values
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vocational education
education which aims to provide specific workplace skills
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welfare dependency
depending on state benefits as a way of life
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material deprivation
a lack of money and the things money can buy
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cultural deprivation
a lack of certain norms and values necessary for educational success
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restricted code
shorthand speech in which detail is omitted and information taken for granted
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elaborated code
a speech pattern where details are spelt out and meanings made explicit
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cultural capital
culture that can be converted into material rewards like high salaries and high living standards
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social capital
the support and information provided by socail networks
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label
an identifying characteristic placed on a person by others
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ideological state apparatus (ISA)
the idea that school brainwashes people into conformity
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ethnocentric curriculum
the idea that the curriculum favours one ethnicity (white british)
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education action zones
deprived areas with special programmes designed to raise teaching standards and attainment levels
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academies
good quality state funded schools who have elected to have independant control instead of local authority control
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city academies
failed schools taken over by government in partnership with businesses
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beacon schools
centres of excellence. they share their expertise with other schools
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polarisation
the widening gap in terms of ability and behaviour between top and bottom sets
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differentiation
seperating pupils into groups on the basis of their percieved ability
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ethnography
a research method based on direct observation of small groups
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racism
prejudice and discrimination against groups seen as racially different
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mixed ability groups
groups in which people are randomly mixed in terms of ability e.g. tutor groups
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streaming
placing students into subject groups in terms of their percieved ability being in the same level for all subjects
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setting
placing students into subject groups in terms of their percieved ability
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self-fulfilling prophecy
a person sees themselves in terms of the label placed on them and acts accordingly
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a labour force with a large number of specialised occupations

Back

specialised devision of labour

Card 3

Front

the process of socialisation that builds on the primary socialisation of the family e.g. education

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

an agreement about the major values in society

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

allocation people to roles that suit their aptitude and capabilites

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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