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what did these agreements mean?
spd moved to the right, dependent on army and uspd members resigned over spartacist shooting
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spartacists then formed
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what year was spartacist revolt?
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what was the aim?
to overthrow the PG and form soviet republic
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what happened?
occupied public buildings, called for a general strike and formed a revolutionary committee
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what result?
100 days of savage street fighting, coup easily defeated, liebnecht and luxemborg arrested
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why did government survive?
backing of army troops and 5000 freikorps
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what then happened?
national constituent assembly then formed
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what were results of election jan 1919?
success for parliamentary democracy as 83% turnout, 76% voted pro-democratic
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weimar coalition consisted of
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who was drafted to create the new constitution?
hugo preuss, feb 1919
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what did the constitution entail?
germany declared 'democratic state', 17 Lander states. president had power of article 48
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criticisms include
PR, president and reichstag relationship, article 48 and preservational of traditional institutions
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territorial terms of treaty
alsace-lorraine, north schleswig, anschluss forbidden and danzil and memel taken
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war guilt
section 231, accepted blame for war, justified £6600 reperations [fixed in 1921]
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army reduced to 100,000,rhineland demilitarised, no aircraft
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excluded from league of nations
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threat from the left
left in a state of confusion, spd committed to democracy, kpd pressed for workers rev and uspd wanted democratic framework
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what did uspd do in 1920?
they disbanded, members joined either SPD or KPD
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kpd threat
reasonable threat, 10-15% of electorate, continuous rev disturbances
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weakness of the left
bad co-ordination, poor leadership, repression and weimar played on their weaknesses
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groups on the right
DNVP, Freikorps, racist nationalism, consul organisation
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DNVP was...
colation of nationalist conservative parties such as pan-german league, fatherland. 15% in 1920
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parliamentary units, elements of embittered german militarism, no respect for weimar
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racist nationalism
70 small splinter parties including nazis, not until hitler united them in 1920 were they a threat
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consul organisation
political assasinations such as erzberger
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kapp putsch
kapp and luttiwitz encouraged 12,000 troops to march on berlin, "troops dont fire on troops"
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munich putsch
lossow fell under ultra conservative kahr's spell, hitler plotted to march on berlin, lossow backed out, hitler purused, failed
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election results 1920
society polarised, support for democracy decreased, KPD support increased
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great inflation long-term causes
military demand of WW1, enormous increase in financial costs
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medium terms causes
social welfare ad pressure to satisfy reperation demands
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french occupation of the ruhr 1923, resulted in 'passive resistance'
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who suffered from inflation>?
industrial workers, civil servants, retired
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who benefited?
peasants, mittlestand, businessmen
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stressmen "grand coalition" consisted of
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spartacists then formed



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what year was spartacist revolt?


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what was the aim?


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what happened?


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