development 20 nature and nurture 3

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  • Created by: CaliFish
  • Created on: 14-05-17 23:55
environmental measures can be treated as ______ in _______ sensitive designs
phenotypes, genetically
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give evidence for this
many environmental factors show genetic influence, parental discipline and warmth, peer relationships
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how can you separate life events
controllable (divorce) and uncontrollable (death of parent)
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which are heritable and which are not
controllable
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describe the genetic environmental interplay in one sentence
humans select, modify and create environments correlated with their genetic propensities
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the environment is not ________ of the person
independent
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what is another name for nature via nurture
gene environement correlation rGE
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draw this
...
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what is nature via nurture/rGE
when individuals with a genetic propensity for a trait are in an environment, that supports expression of the trait
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genes influence environment via what
behaviour
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what are three types of rGE
passive, evocative, active
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what is the source off passive rGE
parents and siblings
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what is passive rGE
parental genes influence parental behaviour that determine rearing environment
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what type of study can study this further
adoptive families, comparing parent-child correlations
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what is correlation for non adoptive parent IQ and child
.50
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what is correlation for adoptive parent IQ and child
.20
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what is the source of evocative rGE
anybody
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what is evocative rGE
child genes influence child behaviours that evoke different types of responses in other people
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what type of study can study this further
adoptive
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explain the relationship between genetic anti social behaviour and adoptive parental treatment
because children are genetically predisposed to antisocial behaviour, their adoptive parents treat them with more negative control (genes effecting enviro)
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what is the source of active rGE
anybody or anything
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what is active rGE
children genes influence child behaviours that play a role in determining how children shape/select their environment
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what type of effect do you call this
rich get richer
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how much percent of the variance in adolscents exposure to friends who smoke and drink could be explained by genetic influences (active rGE)
64%
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the relative important of the three kinds of genetic environment does what over time
change
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what does the influence of passive rGE do
decline
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what does the influence of active rGE do
increases
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what is another name for nature by nurture
gene-environment interaction GxE
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what is this
genetic influenced sensitivity to specific to environment
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draw this
...
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in this case genetic influences on a trait depend on what
the environment
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give an example
conduct problems and abuse
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genetics factors can influence environment but...
environment can influence genetic factors
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what is a classic example
maternal licking of rats
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this is shown through what
epigenetics
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epigenetics determines what
how much of the proteins is made and where and when it is synthesised
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environmental factors effect what
epigenetic modulation
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high nurturing mother raise what
low anxious offspring
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what level of corticosterone level
low
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low nurturing mothers raise what
high anxious offspring
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what level of corticosterone level
high
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

give evidence for this

Back

many environmental factors show genetic influence, parental discipline and warmth, peer relationships

Card 3

Front

how can you separate life events

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

which are heritable and which are not

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

describe the genetic environmental interplay in one sentence

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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