Development 19 Nature and nurture 2

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: CaliFish
  • Created on: 11-05-17 16:34
Name the two diagnostic approaches to psychopathology
clinical diagnostic and empirical quantitative
1 of 36
explain the clinical diagnostic approach
psychopathologies are considered to be discrete and are defined on basis of criteria proposed by experts
2 of 36
give an example of clinical diagnostic material
DSM 4
3 of 36
explain the empirical quantitative approach
psychopathology symptoms are assessed on a continuous scale, with disorders being at the extreme ends of the distribution
4 of 36
these approaches can be used _____ and ______ each other
together, compliment
5 of 36
what are the two types of psychopathology
internal and external
6 of 36
give examples of internal psychopathologies
depression and anxiety
7 of 36
give examples of external psychopathologies
ADHD, impulsivity, conduct problems
8 of 36
give two reasons why it is important to study psychopathologies
public health issues, its very common, 10-25%
9 of 36
give two reasons why it is important to study developmental psychopathologies
many psychopathologies have an early onset (75% before 25) and psychopathologies are chronic
10 of 36
give 4 reasons why we should study the nature and nurture influences of devlopmental psychopathologies
understanding of origin, prediction, treatment/prevention, risk reduction intervention
11 of 36
ADHD has what onset
childhood
12 of 36
what is the heritability % of ADHD
90%
13 of 36
what about heritability % for depression for children
30%
14 of 36
what happens to this heritability over time for depression
it increases
15 of 36
define heterogeneity
multiple symptoms within a single pathology, people differ in the symptoms they express
16 of 36
which psychopathology are we going to focus on
anti social behaviour
17 of 36
among children with early onset of antisocial behaviour, there is substantial
heterogeneity
18 of 36
what symptoms do some children have also
Callous unemotional traits
19 of 36
what are callous unemotional traits
limited empathy, lack of guilt, little emotion
20 of 36
explain the relationship of antisocial behaviour with and without callous unemotional traits in terms of heritabiltiy
WITH 80% WITHOUT 30% heritable
21 of 36
the children with added callous unemotional traits had what
most negative outcomes at age 12
22 of 36
What is another name for co-occurance
co-morbidity
23 of 36
define co-occurance/co-morbidity
the co-occurance of two disabilities/disorders
24 of 36
do the disorders happen at the same time or does one precede the other
it can be either
25 of 36
give an example of a common co-morbdity to ADHD
language and conduct problems
26 of 36
give an example of a common co-morbdity to reading disabilities
math problems
27 of 36
give an example of a common co-morbdity to anxiety
depression
28 of 36
in children ________ often precedes _______
anxiety precedes depression
29 of 36
explain the 4 steps of how a gene effects neural processes
gene > protein > brain function > neural processes
30 of 36
define genetic pleiotropy
the genetic effect of a single gene on multiple phenotypic traits
31 of 36
give an example of a genetic pleiotropy gene
PAH
32 of 36
what 3 things can it effect
mental retardation, hair loss, hypo pigmentation
33 of 36
give another example of a genetic pleiotropy gene
5-HTT
34 of 36
what can it effect
stress, mood, suicidal, neurociticsm
35 of 36
psychopathologies are _________ traits
polygenic
36 of 36

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

explain the clinical diagnostic approach

Back

psychopathologies are considered to be discrete and are defined on basis of criteria proposed by experts

Card 3

Front

give an example of clinical diagnostic material

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

explain the empirical quantitative approach

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

these approaches can be used _____ and ______ each other

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Developmental psychology resources »