Detente

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 27-04-15 13:42
Some causes of Detente?
The arms-race, the sino-soviet split, the Vietnam war
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When was the oil crisis and Yom Kippur War (Same year)
1973
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How much did the OPEC (Syria) raise their oil cost?
70%
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How did the oil crisis increase pressure towards detente?
Panic & worry: Washington energy conference agreed on harmonising western energy policies
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What was the impact of the oil crisis on the USSR?
Rigid system was easily disrupted, soviet technology & agriculture was falling behind
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In what year did the USSR rely on the USA for 15b$ of imported grain?!
1970
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What was the growth rate of the economy in 1970s in the USSR?
3% :(
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When were the treaty of Warsaw & treaty of Moscow?
1970
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What was the treaty of Warsaw?
Poland and East and West Germany formal recognition of Oder-Neisse line as border. Germany have refused to accept since WW2.
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What was the treaty of Moscow?
A recognition of Russia's and Germany's border.
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What was The Four Power Agreement (1971) ?
Legalised routes from west Germany to West Berlin, secured situation in Germany- no more conflict!
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When was the Basic treaty?
1972
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What was the basic treaty?
WG accepts EG as sep state & trade links made BUT WG has to accept soviet control over East Europe.
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SALT 1: signs of improveent in relations?
R&US pledge to avoid military confrontations and excersise restraint
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SALT 1: The Interim Treaty?
Limits on offensive nuclear weapons: ICBMS: USSR, 1618, USA 1054
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Limitations of The Interim Treaty?
USSR got more. Only temp - 1977, other weapons were developed in this time.
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SALT 1: The Seabed Pact?
1971. It banned the placing of warheads on the seabed.
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SALT 1: The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
Limited ABM systems to two each for the USSR and USA
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Signs of change as a result of SALT 1?
US-soviet trade increased as a result, Nixon visited Moscow 1972 &74.
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SALT 2: The Vladivostock Summit, 1974?
Equal limit were set for missile launchers and strategic bombers.
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Why did Ford oppose SALT 2?
He felt it was just a mechanism for allowing thr USSR to catch up with USA.
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Why and when was SALT 2 finally signed?
1979 when Carter became president, he negotiated to reduce sovie missiles.
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When were the Helsinki Accords agreed?
1975
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THA: What was agreed concerning european borders?
All countries accepted the existance of the soviet block in Eastern Europe.
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THA: What was agreed concerning trade and technology?
Exchanges were arranged to promote links across the iron curtain
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THA: What was agreed concerning human rights?
Respect for rights: freedom of speech and freedom of movement across europe
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Why did the West see the Helsinki Accords as a big step forward?
The East accepted movement between countries
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When was the soviet invasion of Afghanistan?
27th December 1979
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What did the US do as a responc to the invasion of Afghanistan?
Carter banned the export of grain and high technology equpipment to the URRS/the Senate refused to ratify the SATLT 2 treaty/boycotted 1980 olympics
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Card 2

Front

When was the oil crisis and Yom Kippur War (Same year)

Back

1973

Card 3

Front

How much did the OPEC (Syria) raise their oil cost?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did the oil crisis increase pressure towards detente?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the impact of the oil crisis on the USSR?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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