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What is the aim of a dance technique class?
To focus the mind, contrate. Develop skills: fitness & performance, train nervous system, receptors & reflexes, muscle memory.
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What are the main parts of a dance technique class?
1. Warm up 2. Centre work 3. Travelling/jumping 4. Set study/Cool down
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Name components of physical skills
Flexibility, Stamina, Strength, Balance, Co-ordination, Agility
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Name components of performance skills
Expression, Projection, Musicality, Phrasing, Imagery, Focus, Emphasis (dynamics), Timing
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What is the purpose of a warm up?
To raise the hert rate, increase blood flow, prepare body for increased physical exertion.
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What are the three main types of movement involved in a warm up?
Pulse raiser, mobiliser, stretching
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what effects does a warm up have on the consitutuion of blood, nervous system and skin?
Blood becomes thinner and improves quality, quicker reaction time, more aware and skin sweats to cool down.
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What effect does a warm up have the muscles and joints?
Warms up muscles, strengthens and become more permeable. Mobilises joints, synovial fluids produced to pad joints.
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Why is cooling down at the end of class important?
Prevents lactic acid build up, slows heart to resting rate, improves flexibility, prevents blood pooling & muscle stiffness, more permeable & elasticity in muscles, focuses mind, relaxed state.
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How should a cool down be carried out?
Breathing exercises, slow movements, stretching
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What external features need to be taken into consideration during a dance class?
Other dancers, hair up, no jewellery, appropriate clothing, safe electrics, ceiling heights, temperature of 21 degrees, sprung floors, utilise mirrors, free from obstacles.
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Discuss benefits of warm up and cool down (3 marks)
Reduces injuries, improves performance, greater mental concentration, improved fitness & flexibility, faster recovery from activity.
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Provide specific examples of appropraite activities which can be used
Jogging & small jumps, stretches such as lunges, squats, arm/leg rotations. Travel work - drag runs, leaps, kicks.
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Components of fitness: What is balance?
Alignment & stability, directing energy through the body.
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What is power and agility?
The ability to exert maximum muscular contraction in an explosive burst of movements, components of power - strength & speed e.g. jumping/sprinting movements in rapid opposing directions.
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What is strength?
Ability to exert a force against a given resistance.
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Stamina, muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance?
Ability to do activity for period of time without fatigue. Muscles can continue to contract without tiring. Heart and lungs continue working without tiring.
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What is flexibility?
Range of movement at a joint.
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What is alignment
A dancers stance, vital for control, accuracy, expression.
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Posture?
Correct posture, even distribution of weight.
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What is co-ordination?
The skills of balance, control of energy & accuracy of action. Improved through repeated practice.
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Components of performance skills: What is projection?
Throw of energy from body to give quality of life to a performance.
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What is focus?
Sightlines where dancer is looking and facing - to audience/body/prop/dancer
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What is musicality?
Sense of rhythm & musical structure
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Timing
Ways of analysing movements in how long they take.
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Phrasing?
Single actions joined together to make a single phrase, always has beginning, middle & end.
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Emphasis
What aspects of energy, space, time accent movements.
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Imagery?
Dancer creates image for audience physically & through focus from a mind picture.
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What is the purpose of centre work in a technique class?
Improve balance, warm up feet, spacing & formations, handi co-ordination, accuracy, strength, flexibility, builds performance & technique.
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Give examples of centre work
Tendu's with arms, jumps, plies, swings, turns.
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What is the purpose of travelling/jumpng and set study, repertoire in a technique class?
Use space - directions, pathways, Elevation, develop movement memory through repetition and practice.
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Examples of travel work?
Triplets, triple runs, jumps, leaps, drag runs.
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Describe one exercise used in a dance class that will help a dancer to perform jumps safely (2)
Demi plie's in 1st, 2nd and full plie's, bend knee's & recover.
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Explain how this exercise will help a dancer to perform jumps safely. (3)
Plie's stregthen core, improve body alignment and prepare your knee's and feet to take your weight when landing from a jump. Warm your muscles and tendons in ankles & leg to prevent injury in jumps.
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Describe one exercise used in a dance class that will help a dancer to improve skills used in performing turns (2)
Lying on your back, with legs pointed to ceiling, do sit ups reaching your hands to your feet.
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Explain how this exercise will help a dancer to improve the skills used in performing turns (3)
Sit ups improve your core stability and strength, as well as good posture to help balance which is necessary in turns.
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Card 2

Front

What are the main parts of a dance technique class?

Back

1. Warm up 2. Centre work 3. Travelling/jumping 4. Set study/Cool down

Card 3

Front

Name components of physical skills

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name components of performance skills

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the purpose of a warm up?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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