Crime and Deviance

  • Created by: gemmahou
  • Created on: 05-03-15 20:23
Foucalt's term for merging formal and informal social control
discipline
1 of 40
Marxist-derived approach to criminology that argues crime hurts the most vulnerable in society
left realism
2 of 40
model of law trying to repair the damage done to society
restitutive
3 of 40
Miller's term for the key values of young men
focal concerns
4 of 40
crime approach derived from right-wing theories
right realism
5 of 40
Lyng's term for the thrills crime brings young males
edgework
6 of 40
Merton's term for a lack of balance and adjustment in society
strain
7 of 40
an alternative, illegal way of life that only certain groups have access to (developed by Cloward and Ohlin)
illegitimate opportunity structure
8 of 40
Matza's term for the set of hidden deviant values existing alongside the socially approved values
subterranean values
9 of 40
Durkheim's term for normlessness and a breakdown of social expectations and values
anomie
10 of 40
model of law based on revenge
retributive
11 of 40
Gramsci's term for the dominant values and ideas in society
hegemony
12 of 40
groups associated with moral panics who are seen as troublemakers by the media (discussed by S. Cohen)
folk devils
13 of 40
term for when actions by rule enforcers or media in response to deviance bring about an increase in deviance
deviancy amplification
14 of 40
theory developed from symbolic interactionism
labelling
15 of 40
Brantingham's term for a personal map of a town based on an individual's activities
cognitive map
16 of 40
term for the leisure industry that has developed at night, providing the location of many offences
night-time economy
17 of 40
Sutherland and Cressey's term for how deviant behaviour is learned from and justified by family and friends
differential association
18 of 40
theory discussed by Clarke that focuses on the belief that in order to stop crime there must be less opportunity to commit
opportunity theory
19 of 40
Shaw and McKay's term for the cheapest, least desirable zones of the city
zones of transition
20 of 40
Matza's term for a state where young men are unsure about their identity and their place in society
drift
21 of 40
Parson's theory focusing on how the restrictive roles women have in society limit their opportunity and ability to commit crime
sex role theory
22 of 40
term for the socially approved idea of what a real male is
normative masculinity
23 of 40
crimes committed by companies against employees or the public
corporate
24 of 40
crimes and harm perpetrated on the environment
environmental
25 of 40
term for speaking the spirit of the laws while technically conforming to them
law evasion
26 of 40
interconnectedness of the world, allowing for cultural and national borders to disintegrate
globalisation
27 of 40
crimes committed against a company by an employee
occupational
28 of 40
Gilroy's term for Black resistance to Western control and exploitation
anticolonial struggles
29 of 40
crime organised and committed across national boundaries
transnational
30 of 40
Bourgois's term for the anger and hurt caused by economic and social marginalisation of ethnic groups
internalised rage
31 of 40
within a particular ethnic group
intraracial
32 of 40
Feeley and Simon's view that the government look for risk factors and then focus on the groups identified as likely to commit crime
actuarialism
33 of 40
Reiner's term for the occupational culture developed by police force
canteen culture
34 of 40
suicide in societies where rapid change is occurring
anomic
35 of 40
suicide in extreme and oppressive situations where people lose the will to live
fatalistic
36 of 40
suicide in societies where people regard their individual happiness as important
egoistic
37 of 40
suicide in societies where people see their happiness as unimportant in comparison to the wider group
altruistic
38 of 40
Taylor's term for failed suicide attempts, used as a cry for help
parasuicide
39 of 40
the extent to which people feel they 'belong'
social integration
40 of 40

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Marxist-derived approach to criminology that argues crime hurts the most vulnerable in society

Back

left realism

Card 3

Front

model of law trying to repair the damage done to society

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Miller's term for the key values of young men

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

crime approach derived from right-wing theories

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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