Crime and its historical context

  • Created by: babzy97
  • Created on: 06-03-17 15:01
When was the pre-'Enlightenment'?
1600's
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Where was the law centred during the pre-'Enlightenment'?
the parish/village= local law
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What was a witch-hunt?
: search for witches or evidence of witchcraft often involving moral panic
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When and what was The Bloody Code?
1688-1800. The increase in crimes carrying the death penalty and people being hung for petty crimes.
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What was the Enlightenment period?
Cultural movement of intellectuals beginning (late 17th and throughout 18th century) Europe, emphasizing reason and individualism
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What was the thinking of John Locke?
voluntary agreement by citizens gives political power to governors (consent)
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What was the thinking of Thomas Hobbes?
‘Leviathan’: negative view of human behaviour; unless social institutions to support social contracts and laws to enforce them
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What was the thinking of Rousseau?
citizens should be educated to prefer the community over private self interest
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What was the thinking of Beccaria?
Classicism- torture was useless and that prisons should be extended and improved with sentences to become more individualised.
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What was the thinking of Foucault?
Shift of focus of punishment from prisoner’s body to ‘soul'
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Card 2

Front

Where was the law centred during the pre-'Enlightenment'?

Back

the parish/village= local law

Card 3

Front

What was a witch-hunt?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When and what was The Bloody Code?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Enlightenment period?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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