Criminology - Situational Crime Prevention

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  • Created by: Shelly23
  • Created on: 10-01-17 18:25

The Tylenon Case Study

  • In 1982 seven people dies in Chicagp as a reslt of taking Tylenon poisened with cyanide
  • Mass murder? Terroism?
  • Perpetrators never caught, motivation never discoved
  • Widespread fear
  • Significant losses for makers of Tylenol
  • Some copycat offences
  • Tamper proof packaging quickly introduced when relaunching the product
  • US government introduced regulations for packaging of food, drugs and cosmetics
  • Two guiding principles: (1) breaks in seal highly visable (2) conveinient for customer

Situational crime prevention

  • The art and science of reducing opportunities for crime
  • Based on new crime theories: rational choice, routine activity

What is the new focus of new crime theories:

  • Crime, not criminality
  • Events, not dispostions
  • Near, not distant causes of crime
  • How crime occurs, not why it happens
  • Situational and opportunity factors

Routine Activity Theory

  • Cohen and Felson 1979; Felson and Boba (2010)
  • An overarching theory or 'metatheory' 
  • To explain trends in crime over time - steep rise in postwar crime  and the steep fall in crime in the last 15 years?
  • As a metatheory it provides and overaching framework into which other theories fit

Sampson, Eck and Dunham 2010

  • Latest version of the crime triangle

Rational…

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