Cosmological Argument

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What does the word "cosmological" mean?
To study the universe
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What is the aim of the Cosmological argument?
Infer the why the universe was created
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What are the 3 arguments that make up the argument?
motion, necessary cause and contingency
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What kind of argument is it?
Aposteriori - working with no evidence
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What kind of motion in the universe does Aquinas refer to?
Actual and potential motion
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How & why does this motion happen - the purpose?
By attraction to achieve perfection
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Explain Aquinas' idea of motion using the example of wood
A piece of wood (x) can be potentially hot (x) by the actual hot (x) creating actual hot wood (x) - x potential x needs actual x to become actual x
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What kind of cause is Aquinas referring to?
Uncaused Cause (Aristotle)
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What 2 alternative ideas of causation does Aquinas reject? Why?
Infinite regress and self causation - no need for a first causer/we needed a first causer
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Kant rejects the idea of a first causer because
There is no time in the universe, meanig there cannot be cause and effect
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Mill rejects the idea of an uncaused cause because
All things have a cause, an uncaused cause wouldn't make sense
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Why does Hume criticise this argument?
No explanation for God's existence and the universe has always existed
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Hume and Russell think it is wrong to assume that all things have a cause?
"just because I have a mother doesn't mean the universe has one."
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Why is Leibniz's famous principle called?
Ex nihilo nihilo fit
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What does Leibniz's principle suggest?
There is no sufficient reason for the universals existence. A full and complete reason is needed
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Why does Aquinas mean by saying the universe is made of contingent things?
we have been made by something greater as we are dependent on our existence
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What is God for Aquinas?
A necessary being
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Why are non-contingent things necessary?
Their own causation was independent, meaning they have to be necessary from the greater power they possess
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Hume rejects the idea of God's existence because....
there is no proof/empirical evidence that God exists - just because we can imagine him doesn't mean he is real
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Copleston focuses on which of Aquinas' 3 part argument?
Contingency
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How does Copleston define God
"a being that must and cannot exist"
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What does Russell reject in Copleston's argument and why?
The words contingent and non-contingent - you can accept something to be logically incontingent
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What does Russell say the world is?
"A brute fact"
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the aim of the Cosmological argument?

Back

Infer the why the universe was created

Card 3

Front

What are the 3 arguments that make up the argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What kind of argument is it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What kind of motion in the universe does Aquinas refer to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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