Conservatism Ideology

  • Created by: AshyBoy
  • Created on: 02-08-18 13:57
PRAGMATISM (MICHEAL OAKESHOTT)
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What is Pragmatism?
Reacting to every situation as it comes and not just sticking to an ideology to solve problems.
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Do Conservatives prefer ideas and theories to solve problems or what works best?
What works best / Whats been proven to work
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Therefore Conservatism is ___ and can ___ over time
flexible - evolve
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However even though no ideology, conseratives do share some ___ ___ beliefs, so not entirely ___pragmatic
'common core' - pragmatic
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Conservatives support Empiricism. What is Empiricism?
A theory that knowledge comes from tradition and experience rather than ideology. (This is a rather negative view of human nature)
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TRADITION (EDMUND BURKE)
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What is tradition about in the eyes of Conservatives?
Its about learning from previous generations (our 'shared history' and culture) e.g. Monarchy, Church of England, House of Lords.
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What is Social Cohesion?
It is an ideology that supports a society working together to achieve the well being of all its members. It fights marginalisation and exclusion. This promotes trust and a sense of belonging.
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What are Conservatives suspicious of the most and why?
They are suspicious of change because it creates insecurity in vulnerable/weak humans. They believe that any change must be slow not radical.
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In what circumstances do Conservatives support change?
In circumstances where policies 'change to conserve'. E.g. Devolution because it preserves the unity of the UK
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What are Conservative views on private property and why?
They support private property because it gives people a stake in society. It results in a respect for authority i.e. the legitimate right to rule and to have power over others, and traditional family values.
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HUMAN IMPERFECTION (THOMAS HOBBES)
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What are Conservative views on Human Nature?
They believe that humans are psychologically, morally and intellectually weak and incapable of understanding the world around them.
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Human nature is ___, selfish and ___.
flawed - emotional
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Because of this vulnerable nature what do Conservatives believe people need?
They believe we need hierarchy i.e. those at the top hold authority and power over those at the lower levels.
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Conservatives believe that ___ and stability are more important that freedom and ___.
order - liberty
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Because of this flawed human nature who do Conservatives blame crime on?
They blame the ciminals for the crime instead of the society around them that put them in the position of crime. Therefore Conservatives are strong on 'law and order'
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ORGANIC SOCIETY/STATE
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What aspect of the Organic state is a primarily One Nation Conservative ideology? (Hint: Body)
They believe that society is like a human body and that all people must play their part and if any part is changed or damaged the whole body will be harmed. Each person has their purpose within the whole.
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What is 'Noblesse Oblige'?
It links with nationalisation and patriotism. It means that those with money/power have an obligation to look after the less fortunate.
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What is Atomism and what kind of Conservative supports it?
The New Right reject the collective society and believe that "there is no such thing as society, only individuals and their families". (Atomism - Society is a collection of unconnected individuals.)That is why Thatcher was so strong on law & order.
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PATERNALISM (EDMUND BURKE)
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What is Paternalism?
The state needs to act as a father figure to flawed citizens telling them what to do and 'regulating their behaviour'.
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What are Conservatives views on Welfare and what kind of Conservative in particular treats it as a key aspect of its ideology.
One Nation Conservatives in particular believe that welfare should be provided to stop discontent and prevent radicalism from the working classes.
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What is Soft Paternalism?
It favours persuading people and increased education instead of forcing them to do/stop doing something
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What is Hard Paternalism?
It favours forcing people to do/not do things such as making not wearing your seat belt illegal and possibly making smoking illegal.
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LIBERTARIANISM (NEO-LIBERALISM) (AYN RAND, ROBERT NOZICK)
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What is the Libertarian view of the role of the state?
They believe that the role of the state 'must be limited' so as to provide citizens with as much freedom as possible.
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What are Libertarian views about the free market?
They believe it should remain free and untouched.
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What are Libertarian views on paternalism?
They are opposed to paternalism. They believe that individual rights must not be infringed. The state is a danger and must be reduced. Ronald Reagan - "the government is the problem, not the solution."
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Pragmatism?

Back

Reacting to every situation as it comes and not just sticking to an ideology to solve problems.

Card 3

Front

Do Conservatives prefer ideas and theories to solve problems or what works best?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Therefore Conservatism is ___ and can ___ over time

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

However even though no ideology, conseratives do share some ___ ___ beliefs, so not entirely ___pragmatic

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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