Conservatism

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The types of Conservative
Traditional. One Nation. Authoritative. New Right
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How are Traditional Conservatives defined?
They are defined by a suspicion of change due to their view of human nature. They support an organic view of society. They are pragmatic and accept some change
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How are One Nation Conservatives defined?
It is characterized by a pragmatic acceptance of welfareism and social reform and government management of the economy
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How are Authoritarian Conservatives defined?
Defined by their desire for a strong state and are often associated with strong nationalist arguments
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How is the Liberal New Right defined?
By their acceptance of many classical liberal ideas
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How is the Conservative New Right defined?
Its authoritarian approach to social order. Based on an organic view of society and is associated with the notion of a strong, but minimal state.
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The Traditional Conservative view of human nature
Humans are morally, intellectually and psychologically flawed
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One Nation Conservatives view of human nature
Emphasis on moral imperfection and they are more willing to explain crime in terms of social rather than individual factors
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Neo Liberal view of human nature
Ignore ideas of human imperfection and stress atomistic individualism
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Neo conservative view of human nature
Stick to the traditional assumptions about human in perfection and therefore the need to strengthen order and discipline
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Traditional Conservative view of the organic society
Society has an organic character, like living creatures, societies are complex networks of relationships.
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One Nation Conservative view of the organic society
They stress community, the rich should support the poor to avoid a nation splitting to two due to inequality
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Neo Liberals and the organic societies
Social bonds have a contractual not organic basis
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Neo Conservatives and the organic society
They continue to embrace an organic and hierarchical view f society
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Traditional Conservative view of individualism
The individual cannot be separated from society, they are part of groups that nurture him or her, reflecting the dependent tendencies within human nature
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Neo Liberal view of individualism
They adopt a stark form of egoistical individualism
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Neo Conservative view of individualism
Retains a fondness for community, emphasizing the importance of traditional morality and national identity
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Traditional Conservative view of tradition
Tradition has been tried and tested by history and is therefore a reliable guide for action. It also established continuity between generations.
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Neo Liberal view of tradition
They prefer reason and tend towards radicalism rather than tradition.
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Neo Conservative view of tradition
Emphasise the importance of tradition, particularly traditional values
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Traditional conservative view of hierarchy and Equality
Hierarchy is an inevitable feature of an organic society, not merely a consequence of individual differences, Social equality is therefore undesirable and unachievable, as power, status and property are always unequally distributed
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One Nation Conservative view of Hierarchy and Equality
natural inequality of wealth and social position is justified by a corresponding inequality of social responsibilities, as the wealthy and prosperous have a social duty to look after the less well off.
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Neo Liberal view of hierarchy/equality
has embraced an essentially liberal critique of social equality. This accepts the principle of equality of opportunity but stresses that individuals should be able to realise their unequal talents and capacity to work
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Traditional Conservatives and Pragmatism & Principle
favoured pragmatism over principle because of the belief that human beings are intellectually limited. They are suspicious of abstract ideas and systems of thought that claim to understand what is incomprehensible. They prefer to base their ideas on
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One Nation Conservatives and Pragmatism and Principle
As deepening social inequality contains the seeds of revolution they argued social reform was the best protection against the danger of revolution. A pragmatic concern to alleviate poverty is therefore in the interests of the rich and prosperous.
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Neo Liberals and Pragmatism and Principle
adopted a principled belief in economic liberty and the free market, borne out of a commitment to economic liberalism and thus a rationally-based approach to politics.
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Traditional Conservative view of the state
Favoured a strong state as a source of authority and a way to maintain those traditional parts of society that produced social stability.
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TraditionalOne Nation Conservative view of the state
The state was part of the mechanism for keeping the nation in one piece.
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Neo Liberal view of the state
Neoliberals support a minimal state, one that merely maintains domestic order, enforces contracts and provides defence against foreign attack, leaving other matters, especially for economic and moral issues, in the hands of the individual.
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Neo Conservative view of the state
support a strong state, which has an influence that extends clearly into the social and moral realms. They believe that the state should be strengthened.
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Traditional Conservative view of the free market
Always had some suspicion of the free market as damaging to national stability and traditional order. The transformative power of capitalism always slightly concerned many traditional conservatives
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One Nation Conservatism view of the free market
Disraeli developed One Nation ideas as a reaction to the danger of increasing inequality produced by a free market. The restless dynamism of the market and the dismantling of welfare arguably threaten the stable organic structure of society
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One criticism of Conservatism (prompt: Marxist Critique)
Conservatism is a form of ruling class ideology favouring the interests of the rich and powerful. In Marxism, the term has a technical definition, which is linked to false consciousness and the role of ideology in deluding the proletariat
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Second criticism if Conservatism (prompt: traditional elites)
Conservatives uphold the interests of traditional elites. This can be seen in relation to Traditional Conservative theories and ideas. For example, the commitment to tradition legitimises the status quo and the position of dominant groups
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How are Traditional Conservatives defined?

Back

They are defined by a suspicion of change due to their view of human nature. They support an organic view of society. They are pragmatic and accept some change

Card 3

Front

How are One Nation Conservatives defined?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How are Authoritarian Conservatives defined?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is the Liberal New Right defined?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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