Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology - Theories and Research

  • Created by: Kagamos
  • Created on: 01-05-17 12:49
Theory of the self originating in india with no distinction between philosophy, psychology and religion
Hergenhahn and Henley
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Evidence for psychological testing in ancient china
Bowman 1989
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Lin Xe known as first person to develop experimental psychological test
Schwartz 2009
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Word for brain appears for first time in edwin smith papyrus
Feldman and Goodrich 1999
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Middle ages saw a revert away from scientific reasoning
Spearman 1938
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islamic golden age brought scientific experiments and universities
west 2008
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Bethlem royal hospital for middle ages patients
Russel 1997
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in the 18th century madness seen as a result of religious concerns
maslow 1966
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development of eugenics movement
Farrall 1970
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social darwinism survival of fittest applicable to sociology headed by herbert spencer
Jones 1980
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terminations offered or artificial insemination in modern eugenics
Lynn 2001
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history of freud
Stannard 1980
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popularised introversion vs extroversion and integrating and balancing opposites
Carl Jung
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Coined phrase inferiority complex
Alfred Adler
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Placed emphasis on effect of parental indifference
Karen Horney
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suggested anxiety is a central concept of psychoanalysis that arises from social insecurity
Harry stack sullivan
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suggested children construct internal objects and project them onto others
Melanie Klein
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established psychoanalytic child psychology and emphasised capacity of the ego to be trained
Anna Freud
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Developed inkblot tests
Hermann Rorshcach
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Shaped innovations such as body psychotherapy
Willhelm Reich
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Stated society not only surpresses nature but creates it
Erich Fromm
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Founded psychosocial life stage virtues associated with crises
Erik Erikson
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Suggested play was an antidote to compulsive cycles of concealing an absense of being
Donald Winnicott
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Contemporary psychology assumes most of mental life is unconscious and that childhood plays an important role in personality developments
Taylor 1987
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the question of introspection - is consciousness available to observation in scientific psychology
Boring 1953
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Emphasised the physiological relationship of the human brain and mind
Willhelm Wundt
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Watch what things do and not what they say
john watson - behaviourist
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conditioning of fluffy white things
Watson and Rayner
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Leader of operant conditioning, cats in puzzle box
Thorndike
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Suggested behaviour can be reinforced leading learning to be faster than simply accidental gradual learning
Skinner
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superstitious conditioning
brown and jenkins 1968
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latent learning - learning in the absense of reward
Tolman
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Criticised behaviourism arguing language is too complex
Noam Chomsky
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referred to processes by which sensory information is transformed before it appears in consciousness
Ulric Neisser
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Memories are not literal copies but reconstructions
Bartlett
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Shows cognitivism as emphasising the active rather than passive nature of cognition
McGurk and Macdonald
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localisation hypothesis
Posner 1988
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Evidence for psychological testing in ancient china

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Bowman 1989

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Lin Xe known as first person to develop experimental psychological test

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Card 4

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Word for brain appears for first time in edwin smith papyrus

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Card 5

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Middle ages saw a revert away from scientific reasoning

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