Coastal Environments - Coastal Landforms

Flashcards to help you memorise the landforms made by erosion and weathering along the coast.

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Headland
A strip of land jutting out into the sea.
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Wave-cut Platform
The base of the original cliff, only visible at low tide.
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Stack
The solitary remains of a collapsed arch; a pillar of rock.
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Crack
A crack in the cliff face, made worse by hydraulic action.
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Arch
The result of a cave's back eroding away; a complete hole in the headland.
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Stump
A smaller verison of a stack, formed when a stack collapses.
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Cave
A single section of eroded rock at the base of the cliff, formed by abrasion and hydraulic action.
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Wave-cut Notch
The result of a crack widening through hydraulic action.
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Spit
A strip of deposited shingle attached to the shore at one end, and curved at the other.
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Lagoon
A section of sea water cut off from the sea by a bar of sediment.
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Tombolo
A strip of deposited shingle that joins an island to the shore.
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Bar
A strip of deposited sediment formed across a cove, touching land at both sides.
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Salt Marsh
A natural defence against storm waves, commonly formed behind spits.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The base of the original cliff, only visible at low tide.

Back

Wave-cut Platform

Card 3

Front

The solitary remains of a collapsed arch; a pillar of rock.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A crack in the cliff face, made worse by hydraulic action.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The result of a cave's back eroding away; a complete hole in the headland.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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