Clinical Charteristics of OCD and Issues

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What is an obession?
 Recurrent & Persistent thoughts, impulses or images which are intrusive & cause marked anxiety”
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What is an complusion?
 Repetitive behaviours (hand washing, checking) or mental acts (counting, praying) that the individual feels compelled to perform in response to an obsession or according to rigid rules
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The anxiety may be...
Because of other mental disorders (depression)
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How do we know OCD is not just an cultural...
Phenonmenon
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Many “normal healthy” people may experience...
unwanted thoughts and carry out some repetitive behaviour that resembles compulsions.
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Whatd does this result in?
This makes the cut-off point for diagnosis hard to determine
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What does it mean by an "all or nothing approch"?
If you have a compulsion for 57 minutes a day, then this is technically not OCD because it is not for an hour
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What is the affect of different classification systems?
DSM-IV 95% success rate vs ICD-10 46% successful diagnosis
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The labels which will be associated with a person who has OCD...
May be self-fulfilling
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It is not easy to distinguish between...
Normal from pathological anxiety
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OCD can be co-morbid with depression. What does this mean?
It makes the primary disorder, which should be treated first, hard to determine
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OCD can resemble schizophrenia. What can this result in?
A person may be diagnosed with the wrong mental disorder and not treated in the best way
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Suffers may be unwilling to ...
Seek help or admit their problems
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What is the consequence of each psychologist different interpretation of the classification system varying?
One psychologist could interpret the classification system differently to others (inter-rater reliability)
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Card 2

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What is an complusion?

Back

 Repetitive behaviours (hand washing, checking) or mental acts (counting, praying) that the individual feels compelled to perform in response to an obsession or according to rigid rules

Card 3

Front

The anxiety may be...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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How do we know OCD is not just an cultural...

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Many “normal healthy” people may experience...

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Preview of the front of card 5
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