Climate and Change - Key Terms

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  • Created by: mieke.r
  • Created on: 02-04-17 07:49
Climate Change
the difference in average temperature over a period of time
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Deforestation
cutting down trees in forests
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Ecosystems
A unit made up of living things and their non-living environment
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Enhanced Greenhouse Effect
means the warming of the earths temperatures, and is caused by the enhanced greenhouse effect
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Extinction
a species of plant or animal dying out completely, so none survive
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Food Chain
plants provide food for plant eating animals(herbivores). Herbivores provide food for meat eating animals(carnivores). Plants and animals are linked together, and depend on eachother
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Megafauna
means 'big animals'. Most weighed over 40 kg and included the woolly mammoth, giant elk, sober toothed cat, ground sloth, giant beaver and glyptodon
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Thermal Expansion
rising sea levels occur because of rising temperatures because the sea expands as it warms up
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Temperature Maritime
a climate that experiences mild temperatures relative to latitude
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Polar Front
the boundary between the cold polar air to the north and warm tropical air from the south
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Maritime Climates
found close to the sea. Moist air moving in from the sea cools the summer months and warms the winter months, bringing rain all year round
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Continental Climates
occur far from the sea in the middle of the continents. The climate is hotter and drier in summers and winters are colder
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Decertification
the gradual change of land into desert
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Quaternary Period
the last 2.6 million years of geological time
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Natural Causes
Volcanic Activity, Sunspots and solar output
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Orbital Changes
The Earth’s orbit changes a small amount once every 100,000 years. These are known as Milankovitch cycles
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Solar Output
solar energy being fired out front eh sun towards earth
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Volcanic Activity
Volcanic eruptions pump ash dust into the atmosphere causing a cooling effect
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Little Ice Age
The Mini Ice Age was a colder period in northern Europe starting in the 15th century and lasting to the mid 19th century.
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Global Warming
The warming of the earth's temperatures
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Greenhouse Gases
Gases like carbon dioxide and methane that trap heat around the earth and cause global warming
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Climatologists
a scientist who is an expert in climate change and climate
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Little Ice Age
The Mini Ice Age was a colder period in northern Europe starting in the 15th century and lasting to the mid 19th century.
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Global Warming
The warming of the earth's temperatures
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Greenhouse Gases
Gases like carbon dioxide and methane that trap heat around the earth and cause global warming
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Climatologists
a scientist who is an expert in climate change and climate
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

cutting down trees in forests

Back

Deforestation

Card 3

Front

A unit made up of living things and their non-living environment

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

means the warming of the earths temperatures, and is caused by the enhanced greenhouse effect

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a species of plant or animal dying out completely, so none survive

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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