China Lecture Two Further Reading

Further reading

Does not include reading from Open Empire yet

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What was the 'great man' theory that the literate Chinese had about how their civilisation developed?
Series of extraordinary people made inventions which transformed China into a highly civilised society
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Who was Fu Xi?
Ox-tamer who domesticated animals and invented family
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In China's earliest history how many great pre-dynastic rulers were there?
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Who was the first pre-dynastic ruler?
Huang Di, the Yellow Lord
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What did the Yellow Lord invent?
Bow and arrow, writing, silk
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Who were the last two great pre-dynastic rulers?
Yao and Shun
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What is Yao credited with?
Calendar and rituals
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Why was Shun given power rather than Yao's son who was less worthy?
Had demonstrated filial piety by devoted service to blind father and evil stepmother
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What did Shun appoint the official Yu to do?
Stop floods; Yu travelled the land and dredged channels that became te river of north China
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Shun named Yu to succeed him and Yu divided realm into nine regions. What happened when Yu died?
The people ignored the successor Yu had chosen and turned to Yu's son to lead.
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What was the significance of the people turning to Yu's son to lead?
Established the precedent of hereditary, dynastic rule.
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Who were the first two leaders of the Xia dynasty/
Yu and his son
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Why did the Xia dynasty end?
Tyrant King Jie deposed by a subordinate wh founded hsi own dynasty - the Shang
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Even though no major glaciers extended into China what was the temperature ike during Ice Age?
Colder than during subsequent ages with mammoth, elk and moose roaming northern China.
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What did language, established during the Old Stone Age (c.100,000-10,000 B.C.) allow?
Development of gods and kinship
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When does Chinese history distinctly begin?
At the end of the last ice age in about 10,000 BC
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By when had neolithic cultures with agriculture, pottery, villages and textiles emerged in many of the river valleys of China?
5000 BC
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What was a key factor in the emegence of neolithic cultures by 5000BC
Agriculture facilitated by climate change towards warmer and wetter weather
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If ignore historical legends, how can neolithic cutures be divided?
By latitude into the southern rice zone and the northern millet zone
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What became the foundation of agriculture in north China as it was too cold and dry for rice?
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In addition to north-south divide, how else can Chinese neolithic cultures be roughly divided?
East west on basis of artistic styles and burial practices
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In the west, from about 5000BC to 3000BC in Yangshao culture area what were burial practices and artistic styles like?
Burials relatively simple and pottery was decorated with painted geometrical designs
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What was a distinctive aspect of eastern culture?
Production of finely worked jade
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What happened during the late neolithic period (3000-2000BC)?
Increased contact between regional cultures
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What happened in late neolothic period as a result of increased contact betewen regional cultures/
Pottery shapes and designs spread into new areas, cooking tripods spread west while geokmetric designs spread east?
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Hwow could hte variation between neolithic communities in China be described, probably even as late as 2000BC?
As varied as they were in North America before the arrival of Europeans
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Who was Fu Xi?


Ox-tamer who domesticated animals and invented family

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In China's earliest history how many great pre-dynastic rulers were there?


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Card 4


Who was the first pre-dynastic ruler?


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Card 5


What did the Yellow Lord invent?


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