CHINA

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Chloe :-)
  • Created on: 21-11-12 19:51
THREE GORGES DAM
On Yangtze River 35km of city Yi Chang, 26 generators, 85bn kWh per year
1 of 93
POPULATION
1.4bn, 50% live in urban areas, 2nd largest economy,
2 of 93
GDP
1990-2006 Rose by 350%, was 10% and now its 7.4%
3 of 93
largest exporters and manufacturers in world,
car bought every 2 seconds
4 of 93
CHANGES IN ECONOMIC POLICES
1976 Mao Zedong dies, 1978 ODP by Deng Xiaopong,
5 of 93
CHANGES IN ECONOMIC POLICIES (2)
1980-1982 Deng lifter restrictions and expanded zones 14 new coatal cities such as Fuzhou and Hangzhou
6 of 93
CHANGES IN ECONOMIC POLICIES (3)
50% of SOE's inefficient 15th party decided to privatise some SOE
7 of 93
CHANGES IN ECONOMIC POLICIES (4)
2000- China made nearly all SOE's profitable
8 of 93
FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH OF NEW INDUSTRIES
Pudong, Shanghai- 1984 Nike moved. Pudong next to Huangpu River-
9 of 93
FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH OF NEW INDUSTRIES(2)
Pudong is an SOE, has Huangpu Port 1982, 20% exports go through
10 of 93
FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH OF NEW INDUSTRIES(3)
£5m 8 way highway Highway 500 to ports, pop 24mn- shanghai
11 of 93
FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH OF NEW INDUSTRIES(4)
majority of shanghai migrants looking for low skilled low paid work
12 of 93
FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH OF NEW INDUSTRIES(5)
Nike pays $2 for 12 hrs, SOES 40% tax reduction, 2 planning rejections since start of zone
13 of 93
FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH OF NEW INDUSTRIES(6)
Qingpu, Shanghai- no river or ocean, 318 Highway, 1m population
14 of 93
FACTORS AFFECTING THE GROWTH OF NEW INDUSTRIES(7)
Baoshan, Shangai- has shanghais 3rd port, no tax reduction, reebok moved in 1984 then left
15 of 93
THE IMPORTANCE OF EXPORTS
Learnt about technology- build Airbus aircraft at Tianjin. use knowledge in space programme 2000
16 of 93
THE IMPORTANCE OF EXPORTS (2)
by 2025 man on moon- Shanghai uni said
17 of 93
THE IMPORTANCE OF EXPORTS (3)
95% nike workers women, 5% males wh are supervisors, management
18 of 93
THE IMPORTANCE OF EXPORTS (4)
60% money women earn sent back, 25% nike stays in China
19 of 93
THE ROLE OF WTO
2001 china joined, AIG moved to Beijing 2003 less legal restrictions
20 of 93
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACTS OF CHINAS TRADE WITH WORLD
Steel company Corus moved the north beijing. Scunthrope steel works owned by a company called corus
21 of 93
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACTS OF CHINAS TRADE WITH WORLD(2)
Scunthorpe largest steel producers in 1900. 60% locals worked here
22 of 93
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACTS OF CHINAS TRADE WITH WORLD(3)
27,000 workers. now employs 3200 on temporary contracts, moved to HonHon- Beijing
23 of 93
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACTS OF CHINAS TRADE WITH WORLD(4)
Obama went China for 8 days 2011 to increase trading
24 of 93
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACTS OF CHINAS TRADE WITH WORLD(5)
22% uk economy manufacturing Mclaren moved Woking 2300 jobs
25 of 93
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACTS OF CHINAS TRADE WITH WORLD(6)
Beijing $3bm invested in Sudanese oil, $10bn since 1990s
26 of 93
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACTS OF CHINAS TRADE WITH WORLD(7)
Oil prices increased by 50% in last 3 years for all countries
27 of 93
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPACTS OF CHINAS TRADE WITH WORLD(8)
Libya(2011)- china refused to support rebels at UN meeting so Russia and India followed. USA limited involvement
28 of 93
THE IMPACT OF THE CHANGING AGE STRUCTURE ON THE ECONOMY
OCP- 300mn less children, women work from 20-35yrs now, work in factories
29 of 93
THE IMPACT OF THE CHANGING AGE STRUCTURE ON THE ECONOMY(2)
1990 4% women no children at 35yrs old, 2010 its 14%, 130mn elderly ppl
30 of 93
THE IMPACT OF THE CHANGING AGE STRUCTURE ON THE ECONOMY(3)
10% pop old, rise by 31% by 2050 2030 use10% national income
31 of 93
THE IMPACT OF THE CHANGING AGE STRUCTURE ON THE ECONOMY(4)
Shanghai 40% migrant workers from Laos, Bangladesh, Thailand
32 of 93
THE IMPACT OF THE CHANGING AGE STRUCTURE ON THE ECONOMY(5)
spend per student up by 5%. health bills rose by 40% last 20yrs
33 of 93
EFFECT OF POPULATION POLICIES IN RURAL AREAS
women working years from 20-35. return 4yrs after 1st child in Dacitan
34 of 93
EFFECT OF POPULATION POLICIES IN RURAL AREAS(2)
used to have 5-8kids on farm now max 2. one farmer drive tractor. employ people to farm
35 of 93
EFFECT OF POPULATION POLICIES IN RURAL AREAS(3)
15-40 move to cities, dacitan 60% population over 50
36 of 93
THE IMPACTS OF MIGRATION FROM RURAL AREAS TO URBAN
300mn migrants moved to rural, Zhizhou got TVEs- 40% village
37 of 93
THE IMPACTS OF MIGRATION FROM RURAL AREAS TO URBAN(2)
Qinling NW china 80% women never returned, paid 50% less in factories than men
38 of 93
THE IMPACTS OF MIGRATION FROM RURAL AREAS TO URBAN(3)
Kunmig in Tibet, children leave school 14 now instead of 9
39 of 93
THE IMPACTS OF MIGRATION FROM RURAL AREAS TO URBAN(4)
Green rev increased production by 20% last 15yrs. more TVEs
40 of 93
MIGRATION TO URBAN AREAS AND INCREASING SOCIAL INEQUALITY/SOCIAL WELFARE
Nike pays $2 12hrs. richest 10% cina earn more than bottom 50% together
41 of 93
MIGRATION TO URBAN AREAS AND INCREASING SOCIAL INEQUALITY/SOCIAL WELFARE(2)
12mn urban poor 1993, 22mn 2006. 1995-2000 31mn jobs lost
42 of 93
MIGRATION TO URBAN AREAS AND INCREASING SOCIAL INEQUALITY/SOCIAL WELFARE(3)
Li Kegiang west bejing- 10mn in shanty town, poor conditions
43 of 93
MIGRATION TO URBAN AREAS AND INCREASING SOCIAL INEQUALITY/SOCIAL WELFARE(4)
Haiden District, Bejing- 27500 yuan per sq metre
44 of 93
MIGRATION TO URBAN AREAS AND INCREASING SOCIAL INEQUALITY/SOCIAL WELFARE(5)
400mn yuan spent to transform 5m homes in shanty town
45 of 93
MIGRATION TO URBAN AREAS AND INCREASING SOCIAL INEQUALITY/SOCIAL WELFARE(6)
2002 china spending 5.8% GDP on healthcare,300mn cant afford it
46 of 93
MIGRATION TO URBAN AREAS AND INCREASING SOCIAL INEQUALITY/SOCIAL WELFARE(7)
1999 GPs introduced at 1/3rd of hospital cost, 2000 doctors in factories
47 of 93
MIGRATION TO URBAN AREAS AND INCREASING SOCIAL INEQUALITY/SOCIAL WELFARE(8)
2004 70,000 private school, 14.16mn enrolled. all unis in cities and 90% along coast.
48 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS
2000 20% healthcare budget spent in rural areas even though 70% pop live here
49 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(2)
2/3 hospital beds in cities, new rural co-operative medical care system' 2005
50 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(3)
makes more affordable for poor. Medical coverage 50yuan, 10yuan paid by patient
51 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(4)
zhizhou been selective if they should receive it as they have TVEs
52 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(5)
0.7% rural have degrees, 13.6% urban do. 20% rural kids go high school, 85% urban.
53 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(6)
55% children in rural areas complete full year due to harvest
54 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(7)
2002 1.1% rural kids no primary, Gong County, Yunnan Province, 60 school with 1-2 teachers
55 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(8)
rural education funding increased from 10% since 1997-2000. after compulsory education reduced by 5%
56 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(9)
Dacitan no clean water to drink
57 of 93
SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN RURAL AREAS(10)
Zhizhou village got tapped water in 2005 after village came together
58 of 93
CHANGES IN ORGANISATION OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
1948- farms owned by families, 1949- owned by state, 1958 Mao Zedong - great leap forward
59 of 93
CHANGES IN ORGANISATION OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES(2)
april 1960 stopped sparrows being killed, great chinese famine 30mn died
60 of 93
CHANGES IN ORGANISATION OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES(3)
1976-Deng Xiaoping new leader, ODP introduced, TNCs arrive
61 of 93
CHANGES IN ORGANISATION OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES(4)
TVEs expanded 135mn emploted in them by 1996. Jiangsu, Shandong 30% rural workforce employed by TVE
62 of 93
CHANGES IN ORGANISATION OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES(5)
1981 farmland divided between families and 15yr contracts given
63 of 93
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS
Banned logging in natural forests, $10bn reforestation projects.
64 of 93
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS(2)
4500km greenbelt in S Tibet with 35bn trees, 70% survive
65 of 93
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS(3)
Gansu 50% forest cut down and no reforestation plans
66 of 93
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS(4)
90% TVEs near coastal provinces. Tibet gov open 1000km Tibetan highway 2000
67 of 93
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS(5)
Three Gorges Dam- Hubei, Hunan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Jiangsu- worst drough 60yrs
68 of 93
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS(6)
500,000hectares land irrigated from dam, cost £25bn, produces 10%chinas energy needs
69 of 93
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS
400mn yuan to renew 5m homes, 200mn yuan desalination in Zhejiang S of shanghai
70 of 93
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS(2)
Chongging 100km from chinese sea, Gangsu 50% forest cut down for land
71 of 93
CAUSES OF SOIL EROSION
pop increase 10mn each yr, Datican 25% more crops grown, 3 harvest/yr
72 of 93
CAUSES OF SOIL EROSION(2)
55% children have a full yr in school due to loads of harvesting
73 of 93
CAUSES OF SOIL EROSION
1998 Yangtze river flooded, 3704 died, 15mn homeless, $26bn loss
74 of 93
CAUSES OF SOIL EROSION(2)
Datican crop only risen by 10%, Beichuan village NW china abandoned since 2005
75 of 93
SOLUTIONS TO SOIL EROSION
China banned logging in natural forests, $10bn for reforestation plans
76 of 93
SOLUTIONS TO SOIL EROSION(2)
4500kn green belt in tibet, 35bn trees, 30% die. Meiquan village near Lashi Lake has fertilisers
77 of 93
SOLUTIONS TO SOIL EROSION(3)
(natural fertilisers) grants from Nature Conservancy, income tripled to 50,000
78 of 93
SOLUTIONS TO SOIL EROSION(4)
rural education funding increased 10% nearly in 3 yrs. fees after compulsory education reduced 5%
79 of 93
CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
10% regulations enforced, no more than 20 held accountable- over 50crimes/yr
80 of 93
CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION(2)
50,000 tonnes co2 from manufacturing clothes, Brazil has few regulations also
81 of 93
CONSEQUENCES OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
16/20 most polluted cities are in china. 400,000 die from breathing issues
82 of 93
CONSEQUENCES OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION(2)
Copenhagen 2009 china under pressure to reduce co2, 2nd largest producer
83 of 93
CONSEQUENCES OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION(3)
70% water polluted, 300mn drink it and 190mn have poor health
84 of 93
SOLUTIONS TO INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION
1999-2002 7.7mn hectares farmland made into forest
85 of 93
SOLUTIONS TO INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION(2)
Tianjin and Tangshan 300 factories shut down, traffic cut by 70%
86 of 93
CAUSES OF WATER POLLUTION
10mn more ppl every year, 15% less water due to climate change, Dacitan 2yr drought
87 of 93
CONSEQUENCES OF WATER POLLUTION
Li Kegiang W Beijing, 10mn live here- poor conditions, little water
88 of 93
SOLUTIONS OF WATER POLLUTION
$20bn spent cleaning up water and Beijing before olympics. $3bn water treatment plant
89 of 93
SOLUTIONS OF WATER POLLUTION(2)
3 Gorges Dam , 500,000 hectares irrigated, Desalination in Zhejiang, 1500 tonnes fresh water per hour- reaches shanghai
90 of 93
CAUSES OF ENERGY NEEDS
New coal station every 1 week
91 of 93
CAUSES OF ENERGY NEEDS(2)
90% chinas energy comes from burning fossil fuels, 15bn tonnes co2 produced each year
92 of 93
CAUSES OF ENERGY NEEDS(3)
uk produces 3bn tonnes. extracting fuels is dirty, mine 1ton of coal produces over 3 tonnes pollution
93 of 93

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1.4bn, 50% live in urban areas, 2nd largest economy,

Back

POPULATION

Card 3

Front

1990-2006 Rose by 350%, was 10% and now its 7.4%

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

car bought every 2 seconds

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1976 Mao Zedong dies, 1978 ODP by Deng Xiaopong,

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Case studies resources »