Energy security, China, A2 Edexcel

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  • China
    • China's hunger
      • Since the early 1980's China has undergone major economic change
        • Its economy has doubled every 8 years
      • China consumed 7 million barrels of oil a day. Which was a third of the USA's consumption. this happened with only 1/10th of china population using energy
      • China controls 3% of the worlds oil reserves, it was self efficient until 1993, now they need to import oil to keep with its economic development
      • China's urbanization is  the highest ever recorded. 8.5 million people a year.
      • Car ownership is expected to jump from 16 cars per 1000 people in 2002, to 267 cars per 1000 people in 2030
        • This rise will account for 25% of the worlds demand for cars
      • China only ursed 10% of its energy for transport. but much more oil to fuel the growth in cars. China accounts for 8% of the worlds demand for crude oil; compared to 25% of the USA
        • But it also accounts for 33% of the current growth in flobal demand for oil. By 2010 China's demand for imported oil with reach 60%
    • Where does China's electricity come from?
      • Coal
        • it has also got the go ahead to turn several huge dirty coal stations into cleaner ones
        • Coal is also a dirty form of energy, and China needs to build new, cleaner, coal power stations
        • A surge of electricity in 2002, meant coal shortages and power cuts,
        • China is the world's biggest producer and consumer of coal. it relies on  it for 70% of its electricity
      • HEP
        • On the middle reaches of the Yangtze, work is nearing completion on  the Three Gorges dam. Once finished it will be the worlds  largest dam
          • It will generate 25 gigawatts. which is 1/3rd of the UK's total capacity
        • A major HEP projects are parts of China's long term strategy
        • China want to build dams on all of it's major rivers, but environmentalists have concerns.
        • Hydro-electricity power accounts for 16% of China's electricity
        • the earthquake in may 2008, damaged a number of large dams, leaving some close to collapse.
      • Natural gas
        • Its difficult to build pipelines from the gas fields in western china
        • It is preven costly to build the pipelines also
        • Plans have slowed down to expand China's use of natural gas, which burns more cleanly and produces less greenhouse gases.
      • Oil
        • Due to the problem with its oil, it now imports a lot of it
        • Production at China's largest oil fields has now peaked, and exploration has begun for new fields in the far west.
        • Large Oil reserves in the Tarim Basis have failed to attract investment due to their geology.
        • Exploration in the  South China sea is danger of territorial disputes.
    • The search for security
      • Chinese companies getting government support and guidance over which countries to invest in
      • China is protecting its imports from the middle east
        • Upgrading its military airstrip on Hainin i
        • Closer ties with Burna
      • China treating Central Asia as the most secure source of its future energy supplies,
      • They have investing in  Australia, Iran, Sudan, and Canada
      • China has built up a good naval to protect its boats
  • In 2001, China accounted for 10% of global energy demands. By 2007 this was 15%. China is now the second largest energy consumer in the world
    • China's hunger
      • Since the early 1980's China has undergone major economic change
        • Its economy has doubled every 8 years
      • China consumed 7 million barrels of oil a day. Which was a third of the USA's consumption. this happened with only 1/10th of china population using energy
      • China controls 3% of the worlds oil reserves, it was self efficient until 1993, now they need to import oil to keep with its economic development
      • China's urbanization is  the highest ever recorded. 8.5 million people a year.
      • Car ownership is expected to jump from 16 cars per 1000 people in 2002, to 267 cars per 1000 people in 2030
        • This rise will account for 25% of the worlds demand for cars
      • China only ursed 10% of its energy for transport. but much more oil to fuel the growth in cars. China accounts for 8% of the worlds demand for crude oil; compared to 25% of the USA
        • But it also accounts for 33% of the current growth in flobal demand for oil. By 2010 China's demand for imported oil with reach 60%
    • But China's per capita energy demand remains relatively small, this is due to its large population.
  • Coal
    • it has also got the go ahead to turn several huge dirty coal stations into cleaner ones
    • Coal is also a dirty form of energy, and China needs to build new, cleaner, coal power stations
    • A surge of electricity in 2002, meant coal shortages and power cuts,
    • China is the world's biggest producer and consumer of coal. it relies on  it for 70% of its electricity
  • China's coal reserves are mainly in the North and far west, while industry are mainly in the far east
    • Plans have slowed down to expand China's use of natural gas, which burns more cleanly and produces less greenhouse gases.

    Comments

    Mr A Gibson

    A good case study on an emerging economy that is contemporary and relevant. Get this on your revision wall..!

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