Chemistry - Chapter 4 (P2)

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Which gas is mostly responsible for acid rain?
Sulpur dioxide
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What is caused by the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere?
Global warming
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Incomplete combustion can produce black particles of ___________.
Carbon
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What are the products of complete combustion of a hydrocarbon?
carbon dioxide and water
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How is acid rain formed?
Sulpur dioxide is produced from burning fossil fuels mixes with the clouds and forms dilute sulfric acid. This then falls as acid rain
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Define global dimming
The reduction of the amount of sunlight reaching the Earth
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Define global warming
Is the rise in temperature of the earth's atmosphere
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How can you prevent global dimming?
Clearing up our gases
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How can you prevent global warming?
Use alternative fuels e.g Hydrogen because it a clean gas
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Advantage of crude oil
Oil is cheaper / employs millions of people / responsible for the transport industry
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Disadvantages of crude oil
Burning fossil fuels creates air pollutants e.g carbon / It could cause an oil spill, as the oil is being transported / Crude oil is a non-renewable resource so, as it runs out prices will continue to increase
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How is ethanol made?
It is made from plant materials
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How is ethanol produced?
Is made by fermenting sugars from sugar canes
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What are the alternative fuels that could be used to replace crude oil?
Biodiseal / Ethanol
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How is biodiesel made?
It is made from plant material
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How is biodiesel produced?
It is produced by vegetable oils such as: rapeseed oil
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is caused by the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere?

Back

Global warming

Card 3

Front

Incomplete combustion can produce black particles of ___________.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the products of complete combustion of a hydrocarbon?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is acid rain formed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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