Carbon Cycle Glossary

strategies which adopt new ways of doing things in order to live with any changes
adaptation strategies
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the replanting of trees or establishing new forests
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the amount of heat that is reflected by the earth
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without oxygen
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the arctic region is warming twice as fast as the global average
arctic amplification
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related to the gasses that form the air surrounding the earth
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between two countries
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the transfer of carbon from one store to another (photosynthesis, respiration, decomposition and combustion)
bio-geochemical carbon cycle
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fuels produced from biomass (plant material and animal waste)
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phytoplankton in the ocean sequester CO2 through photosynthesis
biological carbon pump
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organisms such as worms that feed on dead plants, animals and waste
biological decomposers
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a dense, viscous form of petroleum
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the technological capturing of carbon emitted from power stations (CCS)
carbon capture and storage
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turning CO2 into living organic compounds that grow
carbon fixation
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the removal and storage of carbon from the atmosphere, usually in oceans, forests and soils through photosynthesis
carbon sequestration
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the breakdown or decay of rocks involving a chemical change
chemical weathering
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a narrow sea channel or convergence where key transport routes can easily be disrupted
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technological ways of intervening in the global climatic system, to reduce global warming and lessen it's effects
climate engineering
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burning biomass and fossil fuels
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a point at which damage becomes irreversible
critical threshold
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non-materialistic benefits obtained from ecosystems, such as education and science
cultural services
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the breaking down of organic matter
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the services ecosystems provide on the whole
ecosystem services
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when an area uses more energy than it produces
energy deficit
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the range and combination of energy sources needed to supply a country with energy
energy mix
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the flow of energy between a producer and a consumer
energy pathway
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the ability to access reliable and affordable energy sources
energy security
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human activities that have made the greenhouse effect worse
enhanced greenhouse effect
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the sources and sinks in the carbon cycle are equal / balanced
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processes that create positive or negative feedback
feedback mechanisms
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a limited amount of something
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movement or transfer of something
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carbon in rocks
geological carbon
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the influence of geography on international relations
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converting chemical energy in hydrogen to create electricity (and water)
hydrogen fuel cells
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the loss of nutrients from the soil by infiltration
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strategies that alleviate or lessen the severity of damaging events
mitigation strategies
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between many countries
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when a change reinforces a system and leads to stability
negative feedback
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the amount of biomass produced by plants, minus the energy lost through respiration
net primary productivity
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a type or source of energy that will eventually run out
non renewable
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the process of the oceans pH decreasing
ocean acidification
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kerogen in sedimentary rocks that have not had enough pressure, heat or time to become conventional oil
oil shale
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when volcanoes erupt and release CO2, also miss coe's favourite geography term
out gassing
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the first legally binding climate deal - cop 21
2015 paris agreement
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permanently frozen soil and rock
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when a change leads to an increase or decrease within a system and creates instability
positive feedback
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organisms like herbivores that feed on primary producers and respirate
primary consumers
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sources of energy consumed in their raw form
primary energy sources
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plants that use solar energy to produce biomass
primary producers
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the rate at which plants produce biomass
primary productivity
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the products obtained from ecosystems, including food and medicines
provisioning services
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the effect the greenhouse gases have on the balance between incoming solar radiation and outgoing long range radiation
radiative forcing effect
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sources of energy that can be reprocessed and used again
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the benefits obtained from the regulation of ecosystem processes
regulating services
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sources of energy which are not limited in extent
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another term for stores of carbon
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the annual pattern of flow within a river
river regime
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an energy source (such as electricity) that has been created from primary energy sources
secondary energy source
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another word for players, individual groups and organisations involved in decision making
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another term for stores of carbon
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where carbon is kept for a period of time, such as rocks, plants and the ocean
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a pre-determined minimum price that financial assets can be bought or sold at
strike price
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these keep ecosystems healthy by providing other services
supporting services
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naturally occurring mixtures of sand, clay, water and bitumen
tar sands
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to do with the ground and earth
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an ocean current that produces both vertical and horizontal circulations of warm and cold water around the worlds oceans
thermohaline circulation
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a unit which is designed to include all forms of energy by comparing them with oil in terms of heat output
tonnes of oil equivalent
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move from one place to another
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a country or state through which energy flows on its way from producer to consumer
transit state
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


the replanting of trees or establishing new forests



Card 3


the amount of heat that is reflected by the earth


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


without oxygen


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


the arctic region is warming twice as fast as the global average


Preview of the front of card 5
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