C2-Acids and bases

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 10-05-14 10:50
What is an alkali? What does it release when dissolved in water?
A soluble hydroxide which produce alkaline solutions as it release OH- ions in water,
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what is a base?
An insoluble hydroxide and are a type of alkali. They can neutralise acids,
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What is an acid? What does it release when dissolved in water?
A soluble substance that produces H+ ions when added to water,
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What does an acid and a metal produce?
a salt + hydrogen,
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What does an acid and an insoluble base produce or the general neutralisation equation?
A salt + water,
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What is the type of salt produced if reacted with hydrochloric acid?
chloride,
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What is the type of salt produced if reacted with nitric acid?
nitrate,
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What is the type of salt produced if reacted with sulfuric acid?
sulphate
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What states are bases usually?
oxides or hydroxides
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What is the half neutralisation equation?
H+ (aq) + OH- (aq) -> H2O (l)
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What reactants form ammonium nitrate and why is this a useful substance for plants? What does it have a high percentage of ?
Nitric acid + Ammonium solution makes ammonium nitrate and water. It has a high percentage of nitrogen so is very soluble in water so a useful source for plants to absorb by roots,
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Card 2

Front

what is a base?

Back

An insoluble hydroxide and are a type of alkali. They can neutralise acids,

Card 3

Front

What is an acid? What does it release when dissolved in water?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does an acid and a metal produce?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does an acid and an insoluble base produce or the general neutralisation equation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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