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Atoms react together by doing one of two things with their electrons. What are they?
1. Transferring 2. Sharing
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When do atoms react by transferring electrons?
When metals react with non-metals.
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When do atoms react by sharing electrons?
If the reacting atoms are all non-metals.
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What is an ion?
A charged particle which has either gained or lost an electron.
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In ionic bonding, which reactant becomes positively charged?
The metal.
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In ionic bonding, which reactant becomes negatively charged?
The non-metal.
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How do ions bond?
The opposite charges attract each other.
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After reacting with fluorine, does lithium become positive or negatively charged?
Positive.
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After reacting with lithium, does fluorine become positive or negatively charged?
Negative.
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How does covalent bonding work?
The two outermost shells of the non-metal atoms overlap and they share electrons.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When do atoms react by transferring electrons?

Back

When metals react with non-metals.

Card 3

Front

When do atoms react by sharing electrons?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an ion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

In ionic bonding, which reactant becomes positively charged?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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