Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What did Condry and Condry study?

  • Boys said to be fearful of jack in the box, girls said to be angry.
  • Babies given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given
  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
  • Babies given opposite gender toys to their sex
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2. Give a criticism of Smith and Lloyd's/Condry and Condry's study -

  • All of the above
  • Babies in Condry and Condry's study put under stress by the jack in the box (unethical)
  • Participants may have experienced social desirability
  • In Smith and Lloyd's study there was not a gender neutral name, so no control group

3. What did Eagly and Wood find in a re-examination of Buss' study?

  • That men have a higher earning capacity due to adaptive differences
  • In cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is reduced
  • That in cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is increased

4. Who proposed the Biosocial approach?

  • Money and Ehrardt (1972)
  • Macmillan (1950)
  • Eagly and Wood (1999)
  • Reimer et al (1963)

5. What is the biosocial theory?

  • Men have a higher earning capacity than women because of evolution.
  • The development of gender is purely biological
  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F
  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.


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