Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What did Condry and Condry study?

  • Babies given opposite gender toys to their sex
  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
  • Babies given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given
  • Boys said to be fearful of jack in the box, girls said to be angry.
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Who proposed the Biosocial approach?

  • Reimer et al (1963)
  • Money and Ehrardt (1972)
  • Eagly and Wood (1999)
  • Macmillan (1950)

3. What did Goldwyn, 1979, study?

  • Daphne West, born with testes instead of ovaries but a female appearance who maintained her gender
  • David Reimer, raised as a girl but rejected this gender as he was born chromosomal male
  • Which toys participants gave babies in relation to their assumed gender.

4. Give a criticism of Smith and Lloyd's/Condry and Condry's study -

  • In Smith and Lloyd's study there was not a gender neutral name, so no control group
  • All of the above
  • Participants may have experienced social desirability
  • Babies in Condry and Condry's study put under stress by the jack in the box (unethical)

5. What is the Social role theory?

  • Men have a lower earning capacity due to evolution
  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.
  • Gender is a socially constructed concept
  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F


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