Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. Give one criticism of research into the biosocial theory

  • It is on the wrong side of the nature vs nurture debate
  • Studies of abnormal individuals can't be generalised to all populations
  • it is rubbish
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2. What did Eagly and Wood find in a re-examination of Buss' study?

  • In cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is reduced
  • That in cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is increased
  • That men have a higher earning capacity due to adaptive differences

3. What did Condry and Condry study?

  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
  • Babies given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given
  • Babies given opposite gender toys to their sex
  • Boys said to be fearful of jack in the box, girls said to be angry.

4. Give a criticism of Smith and Lloyd's/Condry and Condry's study -

  • In Smith and Lloyd's study there was not a gender neutral name, so no control group
  • All of the above
  • Participants may have experienced social desirability
  • Babies in Condry and Condry's study put under stress by the jack in the box (unethical)

5. What theory did the David Reimer case study disprove?

  • The theory of everything
  • Money and Ehrardt's theory that any gender will be maintained if assigned before the age of 3
  • Eagly and Wood's Social Role theory
  • Goldwyn's study


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