Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What theory did the David Reimer case study disprove?

  • The theory of everything
  • Money and Ehrardt's theory that any gender will be maintained if assigned before the age of 3
  • Eagly and Wood's Social Role theory
  • Goldwyn's study
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2. Give one criticism of research into the biosocial theory

  • Studies of abnormal individuals can't be generalised to all populations
  • it is rubbish
  • It is on the wrong side of the nature vs nurture debate

3. Give a criticism of Smith and Lloyd's/Condry and Condry's study -

  • In Smith and Lloyd's study there was not a gender neutral name, so no control group
  • Participants may have experienced social desirability
  • Babies in Condry and Condry's study put under stress by the jack in the box (unethical)
  • All of the above

4. Who proposed the Social Role Theory?

  • Eagly and Wood (1999)
  • Wilson (1997)
  • Money and Ehrardt (1972)
  • Reimer (1967)

5. What is the Social role theory?

  • Gender is a socially constructed concept
  • Men have a lower earning capacity due to evolution
  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.
  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F


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