Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What did Smith and Lloyd study? (1978)

  • Babies given toys that opposed their gender
  • Babies in unisex snow suits given toys that opposed the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Babies in unisex snowsuits given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
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2. Give one criticism of research into the biosocial theory

  • Studies of abnormal individuals can't be generalised to all populations
  • it is rubbish
  • It is on the wrong side of the nature vs nurture debate

3. What is the Social role theory?

  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.
  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F
  • Gender is a socially constructed concept
  • Men have a lower earning capacity due to evolution

4. What did Condry and Condry study?

  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
  • Boys said to be fearful of jack in the box, girls said to be angry.
  • Babies given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given
  • Babies given opposite gender toys to their sex

5. Give a criticism of Smith and Lloyd's/Condry and Condry's study -

  • In Smith and Lloyd's study there was not a gender neutral name, so no control group
  • All of the above
  • Participants may have experienced social desirability
  • Babies in Condry and Condry's study put under stress by the jack in the box (unethical)

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