Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What did Smith and Lloyd study? (1978)

  • Babies in unisex snowsuits given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Babies given toys that opposed their gender
  • Babies in unisex snow suits given toys that opposed the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Who proposed the Social Role Theory?

  • Wilson (1997)
  • Eagly and Wood (1999)
  • Reimer (1967)
  • Money and Ehrardt (1972)

3. Give one criticism of research into the biosocial theory

  • It is on the wrong side of the nature vs nurture debate
  • Studies of abnormal individuals can't be generalised to all populations
  • it is rubbish

4. What is the biosocial theory?

  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F
  • Men have a higher earning capacity than women because of evolution.
  • The development of gender is purely biological
  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.

5. Give a criticism of Smith and Lloyd's/Condry and Condry's study -

  • Participants may have experienced social desirability
  • All of the above
  • Babies in Condry and Condry's study put under stress by the jack in the box (unethical)
  • In Smith and Lloyd's study there was not a gender neutral name, so no control group


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