Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What did Eagly and Wood find in a re-examination of Buss' study?

  • That men have a higher earning capacity due to adaptive differences
  • In cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is reduced
  • That in cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is increased
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2. What did Smith and Lloyd study? (1978)

  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
  • Babies in unisex snowsuits given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Babies in unisex snow suits given toys that opposed the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Babies given toys that opposed their gender

3. What is the biosocial theory?

  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F
  • Men have a higher earning capacity than women because of evolution.
  • The development of gender is purely biological
  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.

4. Who proposed the Biosocial approach?

  • Money and Ehrardt (1972)
  • Macmillan (1950)
  • Eagly and Wood (1999)
  • Reimer et al (1963)

5. What did Goldwyn, 1979, study?

  • Which toys participants gave babies in relation to their assumed gender.
  • Daphne West, born with testes instead of ovaries but a female appearance who maintained her gender
  • David Reimer, raised as a girl but rejected this gender as he was born chromosomal male

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