Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What did Eagly and Wood find in a re-examination of Buss' study?

  • In cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is reduced
  • That in cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is increased
  • That men have a higher earning capacity due to adaptive differences
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2. What is the Social role theory?

  • Men have a lower earning capacity due to evolution
  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.
  • Gender is a socially constructed concept
  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F

3. What did Goldwyn, 1979, study?

  • Daphne West, born with testes instead of ovaries but a female appearance who maintained her gender
  • David Reimer, raised as a girl but rejected this gender as he was born chromosomal male
  • Which toys participants gave babies in relation to their assumed gender.

4. What did Smith and Lloyd study? (1978)

  • Babies given toys that opposed their gender
  • Babies in unisex snowsuits given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
  • Babies in unisex snow suits given toys that opposed the gender of the name they were given by ppts.

5. What is the biosocial theory?

  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.
  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F
  • The development of gender is purely biological
  • Men have a higher earning capacity than women because of evolution.

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