Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What theory did the David Reimer case study disprove?

  • Money and Ehrardt's theory that any gender will be maintained if assigned before the age of 3
  • Eagly and Wood's Social Role theory
  • The theory of everything
  • Goldwyn's study
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2. Give a criticism of Smith and Lloyd's/Condry and Condry's study -

  • Participants may have experienced social desirability
  • All of the above
  • Babies in Condry and Condry's study put under stress by the jack in the box (unethical)
  • In Smith and Lloyd's study there was not a gender neutral name, so no control group

3. What did Smith and Lloyd study? (1978)

  • Showed male and female participants videos of a male (David) child or female (Dana) child playing with a jack in the box. Girls reaction said to be fear and boys to be anger
  • Babies in unisex snowsuits given toys that matched the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Babies in unisex snow suits given toys that opposed the gender of the name they were given by ppts.
  • Babies given toys that opposed their gender

4. What did Eagly and Wood find in a re-examination of Buss' study?

  • In cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is reduced
  • That in cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is increased
  • That men have a higher earning capacity due to adaptive differences

5. What is the biosocial theory?

  • Men have a higher earning capacity than women because of evolution.
  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F
  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.
  • The development of gender is purely biological

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