Biosocial approach to gender development

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1. What is the biosocial theory?

  • Evolution dictates physiological differences and the sex role allocated to us creates the psychological differences.
  • Men have a higher earning capacity than women because of evolution.
  • Biology determines sex of rearing and differential treatment follows from whether we are labelled M or F
  • The development of gender is purely biological
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What did Goldwyn, 1979, study?

  • Which toys participants gave babies in relation to their assumed gender.
  • Daphne West, born with testes instead of ovaries but a female appearance who maintained her gender
  • David Reimer, raised as a girl but rejected this gender as he was born chromosomal male

3. Who proposed the Biosocial approach?

  • Reimer et al (1963)
  • Money and Ehrardt (1972)
  • Eagly and Wood (1999)
  • Macmillan (1950)

4. Give one criticism of research into the biosocial theory

  • It is on the wrong side of the nature vs nurture debate
  • Studies of abnormal individuals can't be generalised to all populations
  • it is rubbish

5. What did Eagly and Wood find in a re-examination of Buss' study?

  • In cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is reduced
  • That in cultures where male strength is not important the difference between genders is increased
  • That men have a higher earning capacity due to adaptive differences

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