Gender

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  • Created by: T Baker
  • Created on: 09-06-13 19:52
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  • Gender
    • The Role of Genes and Hormones
      • Genes
        • Chromosomes
      • Hormones
        • Prenatal development
        • AIS
          • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome
          • Males insensitive to hormones such as testosterone in the womb
          • Extreme cases = lack of external genitalia
        • CAHs
          • Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
          • Females exposed to high levels of testosterone in the womb
          • Varying extremity of male genitalia
    • Evolutionary Explanations
      • Division of Labour
        • Males = hunters
          • Strong
          • Independent
          • Strategic thinking
        • Females = domestic roles
          • Naturally nurturing
        • Reason Neanderthal died out
      • Mate Choice
        • Males want females who are attractive and therefore fertile
        • Females want resources
      • E-S Theory
        • Females have empathetic brains
          • Tend and befriend
            • Females response to stress
            • Nurturing and protecting young
        • Males' brains are made for systematising
    • Biosocial Approach
      • Money and Erhhardt
        • Biosocial theory
        • Integration of nature and nurture
        • Once a biological male or female is born, social labelling and treatment interact with biology
        • Sex of rearing is most important factor
      • Social Role Theory
        • Eagly and Wood
        • Psych and physical differences
        • Against evolutionary approach
          • Division of Labour
            • Biologically based physical differences
            • Certain tasks can be performed easier
          • Untitled
          • Mate Choice
            • Differences relate to social role rather than reproductive value
          • Hormones
            • Male testosterone is because of athleticism
    • Gender Dysphoria
      • Phantom Limb
        • 2/3
        • Cross wiring of brain after limb amputation
      • Psychosocial
        • Male relationship with mother
        • Mental Illness
          • Childhood trauma
      • Biological
        • Transsexual gene
          • Androgen receptor gene
        • Brain  Sex Theory
          • BTSc
        • Hormones
          • Mismatch in womb
        • Environment
          • Disinfectants
    • Cognitive Development
      • Kohlberg
      • Piaget Theory
        • Cognitions develop as brain develops
        • Gradual process
      • STEP 1 : Gender labelling
        • Label the gender of themselves and others
        • 2 - 3
        • Base judgement on visual appearance only
      • STEP 2: Gender stability
        • 4
        • Awareness that gender remains the same through time
      • STEP 3: Gender constancy
        • 6
        • Gender is constant across all ages and situation
        • Acquire information about appropriate gender behaviours
    • Gender Schema
      • Set of personal stereotypes that form the image of a gender
      • Ingroup
        • The group with which the child identifies
        • Child will seek behaviour appropriate to ingroup
      • Resilience of gender belief
        • Information not consistent with ingroup information is forgotten or distorted

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