Biology - Behaviour

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What is Innate Behaviour?
A behaviour that is inherited, animals respond the right way to a stimulus straight away, even if they are just born.
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What are some examples or Innate behaviour?
Reflex action (blinking, removing your hand when it is burning on a hot pan, salivation and sneezing) Also newborn mammels instinct is to suckle from their mothers.
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What is Learned behaviour?
Its a behaviour that you have learnt, it allows animals to respond to changing conditions.
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What are some examples of Learned behaviour?
Habituation - if you give an animal a stimulus that isnt benificial nor harmful to it, it quickly learns not to respond to it, such as; crows learn to ignore scarecrows and meerkats in zoos learn not to be afraid of people.
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What is imprinting?
Imprinting is when an animal has learnt to recognise their parents and instictivly follows them.
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What are some examples of Learned behaviour?
Ducklings usual imprint on their parents, but if they are reared from birth by a human, the human is the first moving object they see so they imprint on the human.
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What is conditioning?
Conditioning is another form of learned behaviour, there are 2 different types such as; classical condtioning and operant conditioning.
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What is operant conditioning?
Operant is 'trial and error learning' it is where they learn activily to do something via a treat or punishment. This happens in humans when children are rewarded or punished for certain behaviours.
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What example is there for Operant conditioning?
Burrhus Skinner - tought pigeons and rats to obtain food from a cage he had created, there were a variety of buttons to push, and when the animal had pushed the right button, the food came down and the animal soon learnt what button to push.
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What is classical conditioning?
This is were an animal learns 'passivly' to associate a neutral stimulus with an important one. A dog associating a bell ringing to the delivery of food, it is used to get them to do something by using there innate behavioural instincts.
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What is an example of classical conditioning?
Ivan Pavlov - He studied behaviour in dogs, he noticied that when dogs recongised food - they would salivate, so every time he gave them food he would ring a bell, so that even when he had no food, he would ring the bell and they would salivate.
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What do we use conditioning for?
We use conditioning to train animals (Training guide dogs to stop at roadsides and wait for a command, training police sniffer dogs to retrieve drugs, training police horses to only respond to the commands of their riders)
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What are the 3 types of animal communication?
Chemical (Pheremones), Visual signs (Posture, gesture and facial expressions) and sound.
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Why is it so important for animals to be able to communicate?
It can keep the group together, if only one sees a predator it can worn the others, communication of mood can stop unnessicary fighting, babies can communicate to their parents and predators can hunt in a pack.
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Card 2

Front

What are some examples or Innate behaviour?

Back

Reflex action (blinking, removing your hand when it is burning on a hot pan, salivation and sneezing) Also newborn mammels instinct is to suckle from their mothers.

Card 3

Front

What is Learned behaviour?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are some examples of Learned behaviour?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is imprinting?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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