Biology

What is the main difference between the lock and key model and the induced fit model?
In the lock and key model the active site has a fixed shape that is complementary to to the substrate, but in induced sit the active site has to change shape slightly to allow it to fit.
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What determines the shape of an enzyme's active site?
The enzyme's tertiary structure
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Why will an enzyme only bind with one substrate?
An enzyme can only bind with a substrate that has a complementary shape to its active site
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Explain in terms of activation energy why an enzyme enables reactions to happen at lower temperatures than without an enzyme
The activation energy is lowered, therefore not as much energy is needed, so the reaction can take place at lower temperatures
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Describe the chemical reaction that occurs to release energy from ATP
The hydrolysis reaction occurs which splits ATP into ADP and P
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What is the function of plasma cells?
To produce antibodies
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Give one advantage and one disadvantage of TEMs
Advantages: High resolution images / used to look at small objects / internal structure of organelles. Disadvantages: Only be used on this specimens / produces black and white images / images may contain artefacts / only non-living specimens.
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How do scanning TEM microscopes work?
Use electromagnets to focus a beam of electrons which is then transmitted through the specimen, denser parts absorb more electrons, which makes them look darker
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What determines the shape of an enzyme's active site?

Back

The enzyme's tertiary structure

Card 3

Front

Why will an enzyme only bind with one substrate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain in terms of activation energy why an enzyme enables reactions to happen at lower temperatures than without an enzyme

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the chemical reaction that occurs to release energy from ATP

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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