Biology

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what is type 1 diabetes
the pancreas does not produce insulin, this means that when blood glucose concentration rise, the body cannot bring them back down to the correct levels.
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how do people control diabetes
exercise and diet and injecting insulin in the subcutaneous fat
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what is type 2 diabetes
when the cells in a person´s body responds less well to insulin the cells start to become resistant to insulin, even though the hormone being produced
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name the 3 neurones
sensory neurones, memory neurones and relay neurones
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what is the myelin sheath
fatty covering around the axons of many neurones. it speeds up the transmission of impulses along their length and helps to insulate them from another
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why is insulin injected in the subcutaneous fat
fat easily absorbs insulin. the insulin then spreads into blood vessels and is carried around the body in the blood
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what happens to your body when blood sugar levels falls
your pancreas releases another hormone called glucogen. this is also carried in the blood and causes the cells in the liver to turn glycogen back into glucose, which is then released into the blood.
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what is a target organ
an organ that responds to a certain hormone
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where are hormones released
endocrine glands
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what are the symptoms for sickle cell disease
fatigue, shortness of breath, palpitations
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symptoms of cystic fibrosis
lungs clogged with mucus, difficult of breathing, weight loss
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what is homozygous
if both alleles for a characteristics are the same, the organism is homozygous for that characteristic
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what is heterozygous
if both alleles for a characteristic are different, the organism is heterozygous for that characteristic
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is cystic fibrosis a recessive disease?
yes
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if it's a dominant disease can there be a carrier?
No. only recessive diseases can have carriers such as cystic fibrosis
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what is a synapse?
a junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute gap across which impulses pass by diffusion of a neurotransmitter.
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what are the 5 kingdoms?
animalia, plantia, fungi, proctista, prokayote
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what characteristic of plantia differ from animalia?
plantia- multicellular, have chlorophyll, have a cell wall, feed autrophically
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what is the word where a animal changes due to survival?
adaptation
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what are the 2 factors of variation?
environmental and genetics
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what is a synapse?
a junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute gap across which impulses pass by diffusion of a neurotransmitter.
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Card 2

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exercise and diet and injecting insulin in the subcutaneous fat

Back

how do people control diabetes

Card 3

Front

when the cells in a person´s body responds less well to insulin the cells start to become resistant to insulin, even though the hormone being produced

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

sensory neurones, memory neurones and relay neurones

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

fatty covering around the axons of many neurones. it speeds up the transmission of impulses along their length and helps to insulate them from another

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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