Biology

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Cytokinesis
Cytoplasmic divsion following nuclear divison, resulting in two new daughter cells
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Mitosis
Type of nuclear divison that produces daughter cells genetically identical to each other and to the parent cell
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Interphase
Phase of cell cycle where the cell is not dividing; it is subdivided into growth and synthesis phases
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Chromatids
Replicates of chromosomes
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Haploid
Having only one set of chromsomes; represented by the symbol 'n'
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Homologous Chromosomes
Matching chromosomes, containing the same genes at the same places. They may contain different alleles for some of the genes
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Meoisis
Type of nuclear divison that results in the formation of cells containing half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell
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Differentiation
Process by which stem cells become specialisd into different types of cell
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Epithelial Cell
Cells that constitute lining tissue
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Erythrocyte
Red blood cell
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Neutrophil
Type of white blood cell that is phagocytic
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Stem Cell
Unspecialised cell able to express all of its genes and divide by mitosis
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Guard Cells
In leaf epidermis, cells that surround stomata
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Palisade Cells
Closely-packed photosynthetic cells within leaves
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Root-Hair Cells
Epidermal cells of young roots with long hair-like projections
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Tissue
Group of cells that work together to perform a specific function/ set of functions
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Meristem
Area of unspecialised cells within a plant that can divide and differentiate into other cell types
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Organ
Collection of tissues working together to perform a function/ related functions
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Phloem
Tissue that carries products of photosynthesis, in solution, within plants
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Xylem
Tissues that carries water and mineral ions from the roots to all parts of plant
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Organ System
A number of organs working together to carry out an overall life function
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Stem Cell
Unspecialised cell able to express all of its genes and divide by mitosis
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Type of nuclear divison that produces daughter cells genetically identical to each other and to the parent cell

Back

Mitosis

Card 3

Front

Phase of cell cycle where the cell is not dividing; it is subdivided into growth and synthesis phases

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Replicates of chromosomes

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Having only one set of chromsomes; represented by the symbol 'n'

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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