Biological Approach for Gender

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  • Created by: Han2812
  • Created on: 21-01-14 18:34
What is the biological approaches explanation of gender?
Believe sex and gender is inter- related. Sex is determined at conception, so is the pattern for gender
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Why are males and females different?
Due to different levels of HORMONES - boys higher levels of testosterone, are more aggressive, better at visual-spatial + maths tasks. Females have higher levels of oestrogen - better fine motor skills (e.g.. sewing), language + emotional skills
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What are the male and female chromosomes?
MALES - XY FEMALES - XX
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What was the VAN GOOZEN et al study 1995?
Used transsexual people going under hormone treatment for the opposite sex. Tested them before and 3 months after treatment. Male-female - decrease in aggression + visual-spatial skills, better at verbal fluency. Female-men did the opposite
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What are two atypical chromosome syndromes?
Turner's Syndrome and Klinefelter's Syndrome
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What is Turner's Syndrome?
FEMALES - XO. Affect 1 in 2,000 births, where females are missing the second X chromosome. No overies, no periods, hardly any breasts, short. Higher verbal ability, lower spatial, maths and visual ability. Difficultly relating to peers
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What is Klinefelter's Syndrome?
MALES - XXY. Affects 1 in 500 births. Have an extra X chromosome. Small penis, undescended testes, some breast development at puberty + rounding of contours. Little body hair, long limbs, clumsy, lack of sexual interest; shy, passive, gender confused
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Card 2

Front

Why are males and females different?

Back

Due to different levels of HORMONES - boys higher levels of testosterone, are more aggressive, better at visual-spatial + maths tasks. Females have higher levels of oestrogen - better fine motor skills (e.g.. sewing), language + emotional skills

Card 3

Front

What are the male and female chromosomes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the VAN GOOZEN et al study 1995?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are two atypical chromosome syndromes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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