Biochemistry Terms

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Magnesium
Component of Chlorophyll
1 of 16
Iron
Found in red blood cells to carry oxygen
2 of 16
Phosphorus
DNA, ATP and phospholipids
3 of 16
Calcium
Needed for muscle contraction
4 of 16
Maltose
Glucose and glucose
5 of 16
Lactose
Glucose and galactose
6 of 16
Sucrose
Glucose and fructose
7 of 16
Starch
Two polymers of alpha glucose
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Amylase
alpha 1-4 glycosidic bonds, helical shape, storage molecule
9 of 16
Amylopectin
Alpha 1-4 glycosidic bonds- cross linked by alpha 1-6
10 of 16
Glycogen
Alpha polymer- appropriate to animal cells
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Cellulose
Beta 1-4 glycosidic bonds- each alternating reside rotated 180, structural
12 of 16
Chitin
Beta 1-4- found in arthropod exoskeletons
13 of 16
Triglycerides
3 fatty acids comined with glycerol- ester bond holds them together.
14 of 16
Saturated fats
No carbon- carbon double bond- generally fats and so solid at R.T.P
15 of 16
Unsaturated fats
Carbon- carbon double bond- oils at R.T.P double bond causes molecule to bed and so cannot pack closely together.
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Found in red blood cells to carry oxygen

Back

Iron

Card 3

Front

DNA, ATP and phospholipids

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Needed for muscle contraction

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Glucose and glucose

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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