Beliefs Key Terms (2)

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Sacred Canopy
Religion provides a universe of meaning, set of ideas and values about the meaning of life.
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Theodicy
Contradiction God is all powerful yet people are suffering, religion is the explanation to theodicy.
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Ascetic
Self denial and self discipline and devoting yourself to God and a life of prayer.
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Salvation Panic
No one knows if they have been chosen to be saved.
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Predestination
God has already decided if you are going to heaven or not and anything you do cannot change this.
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Divine Transcendence
No human can claim to know Gods will.
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Other worldly religion
Directed followed to spiritual world.
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This worldly religion
Directed followers to material world but not ascetic.
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Secularisation
Loss of religion in society.
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Rationalisation
Rational and scientific ways of thinking and acting are gradually replacing magic religious ones.
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Individualism
The idea that the individual is more important than the group or community, individuals actions are influenced more by calculations of self-interest than by a sense of obligations to others.
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Religiosity
The extent of importance of religion, religious beliefs and feelings in people's lives.
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Globalisation
Growing interdependence of societies across the world with the spread of the same culture, consumer goods and economic interests across the globe.
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Global Village
The way that mass media and electronic communities now operate on a global scale so that the world has become like one village or community.
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Cultural Hybridism
Lots of cultures in one society.
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Hindu Ultra-Nationalism
Our people are not perfect but our culture is superior to others.
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Patriotic
Conform to Hindu's beliefs and be proud.
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Hindu Sciences
E.g Astrology being taught in academic subjects in public universities and predict nature disasters.
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Liberalisation
Freedom of choice.
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Televangelism
Electronic church e.g the internet.
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Theocracy
Religion impacts/controls social policy.
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Church
Large, bureaucratic organisation, with millions of members, run by a formal hierarchy of professional priests and claim a monopoly of truth, aimed at the higher classes and closely linked to the state.
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Bureaucratic Hierarchy
Ministers, Bishop, Archbishop.
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Monopoly of Truth
They claim the only truth and there is no other truth.
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Sects
Small, exclusive groups hostile to wider society and have a high level of commitment, appeal to poor and oppressed members and have a charismatic leader, claim a monopoly of truth.
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Charismatic Leader
Powerful personality and are short lived.
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Denomination
Developed from sects, smaller formal religious groups, don't claim monopoly of truth, accept religious diversity, appeal to all members of society, may not fully accept wider society.
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Cult
Least organised, individualistic, exclusive belief system, tolerant of other organisations and beliefs, do not demand strong commitment,
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Audience Cult
A type of cult, participation within this cult can be through the media and doesn't demand for much commitment or membership.
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Client Cult
Cult movements based on what the cult organisation provides for its followers e.g self discovery.
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Cultic Movements
Cultic movements are another type of cult. They are the strictest cult and aim to meet member's needs.
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Schisms
Split of existing organisations, breakaway from church because of disagreement about doctrine.
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World Accommodating
They are neither accepting or rejecting of the world they are midway and seek to store purity of the religion.
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World Affirming
Not highly organised but offer spiritual or supernatural powers, they accept the world and tolerant of other religions.
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World Rejecting
Similar to sects, have lots of members and strict rules that members are to follow, they also want to seek radical change.
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Relative Deprivation
This occurs when individuals or groups feel that they are unfairly disadvantaged in relation to other similar people.
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Theodicy of Disprivilege
A religious explanation and justification for social inequality and social deprivation, explaining the marginalisation of believers, often used as a test of faith with the promises of compensating rewards in a future after death.
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New Age
Range of beliefs and activities now present within society since 1980.
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Detraditionalisation
Value personal experience so we can discover the truth ourself within self.
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Self Spirituality
Look inside for spirituality.
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Status Frustration
Frustrated at their lack of status in society.
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Ethnicity
A shared culture within a social group gives its members a common identity.
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Cultural Defence
Religion is a support system in society and is the basis for a community solidarity and a coping mechanism of oppression in society.
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Cultural Transition
Religion can help ease the transition to a new society.
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Religiosity
How religious someone is and the importance of religion to someone in their life.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Contradiction God is all powerful yet people are suffering, religion is the explanation to theodicy.

Back

Theodicy

Card 3

Front

Self denial and self discipline and devoting yourself to God and a life of prayer.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

No one knows if they have been chosen to be saved.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

God has already decided if you are going to heaven or not and anything you do cannot change this.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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