Abnormality

basic revision table, there will be more about the therapies etc

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  • Created by: Robyn
  • Created on: 18-01-14 11:52
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  • Abnormality
    • Definitions of
      • Deviation from social norms
        • Acting in socially acceptable ways
        • weakness
          • Cultural relativism
          • ignores independence and eccentrics
      • deviation from ideal mental health
        • Jahoda's characteristics
          • self-attitudes
          • personal growth
          • integration
          • autonomy
          • perception of reality
          • Environmental mastery
        • weakness
          • not everyone has all at once
          • cultural relativism
      • Failure to function adequately
        • carry out basic tasks
          • eating
          • sleeping
        • weakness
          • maladtations --> adaptive later
          • cultural relativism
    • Biological approach
      • abnormalities can be passed on by genes
        • Sz prevelance rates
      • abnormalities can be caused by neurochemistry
        • low serotonin= sleeping disorders
      • abnormalities can be caused by neuroanatomy
        • brain tissue damage
          • links to sz
      • weakness
        • Szasz
          • abnormalities= not physical base
          • psychological base
          • base on how world is viewed
        • cause or effect
        • inconclusive evidence
    • behavioural approach
      • abnormality caused by conditioning
      • caused by situation
      • other people and environment= cause
      • weakness
        • limited view because of other factors
        • inconclusive evidence
          • people do not always remember a previous experience
        • treatments treat symptoms not cause
    • psychodynamic approach
      • conflict
        • id
        • superego
        • ego
        • causes distress
        • regression
        • repression
      • abnormalities
        • repression
        • regression
      • past experience
      • weakness
        • abstract ideas
        • lack of solid research
        • sexist
    • Cognitive approach
      • maladaptive thoughts
      • individual controls their abnormality
      • Ellis's ABC model
        • Action
        • Belief
        • Consequence
      • weakness
        • no treatment because it is their fault
        • cause or effect
        • some irrational thoughts more rational
    • Treatment
      • Electroconvulsive therapy
      • antipsychotic drugs
      • anti-depressents
      • anti-anxiety
      • psycho-analysis
        • dream therapy
        • free association
      • systematic desensitisation
      • Cognitive behavioural therapy

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