AS Politics: Electoral Systems

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  • Created by: okmeg
  • Created on: 05-05-14 20:27
Name the three types of electoral systems
Majoritation systems: require winner to receive a majority (FPTP). Proportional systems: attempt to distribute seats in broad proportion to votes cast (STV). Hybrid systems: majoritarian and a proportional element (AV+).
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Where is AMS used?
Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly.
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Where is STV used?
Northern Ireland, Scottish local elections.
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Closed list?
UK elections to the EU.
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Describe the FPTP system
650 constituencies / Each constituency elects 1 MP / Choose from a list of candidates / Candidate with most votes wins (1 more than opponent) / Win with plurality rather than absolute majority.
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2005 outcome from FPTP?
Labour won 50% of seats, despite only gaining 35% of the popular vote.
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2010 outcome from FPTP?
Conservatives won 36% of total votes, gaines 47% of seats. Lib Dems won 23% of total votes, but only 9% of seats.
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Features of FPTP
Favours parties with concentrated support. (Labour/Cons.) / Small parties usually cannot win any seats / Keeps out extreme undemocratic parties / Safe seats (Labour and Penarth) / Wasted votes / Produces a clear winner (usually)
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Card 2

Front

Where is AMS used?

Back

Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly.

Card 3

Front

Where is STV used?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Closed list?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the FPTP system

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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