Approaches to History

What has class identity retained?
Social perspective
1 of 53
What has gender identity retained?
Focus on women
2 of 53
What is the topic of paragraph one?
Marxist historians
3 of 53
Who was the trailblazer for Marxist history?
Georges Lefebvre
4 of 53
When did Lefebvre write?
5 of 53
What did Lefebvre look at?
The bourgeoisie and peasantry
6 of 53
What did Lefebvre argue?
That all classes combined under the leadership of the aristocracy to overthrow the monarchy
7 of 53
How was Lefebvre's argument linked to Marx?
Thesis and antithesis
8 of 53
What other two factors of Lefebvre's work were Marxist?
Inevitability and economics
9 of 53
Who wrote 'the age of revolution'?
Eric Hobsbawm
10 of 53
When did Hobsbawm write?
11 of 53
What did Hobsbawm emphasise?
Conflict between old regime and 'rising new social forces'
12 of 53
What did Hobsbawm argue created unity?
Classical liberal thought
13 of 53
Who is the final Marxist historian?
Alfred Soboul
14 of 53
When did Soboul write?
15 of 53
What did Soboul emphasise as an indicator of class?
16 of 53
How did Soboul summarise the revolution?
As a conflict between the relations of production and the character of productive forces
17 of 53
What does Soboul show?
That general trends do not account for all historians
18 of 53
What is paragraph 2 on?
19 of 53
What did the revisionists say Marxism encouraged?
Twisting facts to fit theories
20 of 53
Who is the early revisionist?
Alfred Cobban
21 of 53
When did Cobban write?
22 of 53
What did Cobban focus on?
Difficulty of assigning class
23 of 53
What did Cobban say clear cut classes resulted in?
A generalised view rather than specific analysis
24 of 53
How else did Cobban undermine Marxism?
Said economics not fundamental to determining class
25 of 53
Who was more typical of the second half of the 20thC?
26 of 53
Why was Cobban more typical?
Increase of social and cultural sources as well as political ones
27 of 53
Who is the last class historian?
Francois Furet
28 of 53
When did Furet write?
29 of 53
What criticisms did Furet put forward?
Similar to Cobban
30 of 53
Why is Furet significant?
Demonstrates impact of politics on historians
31 of 53
How does Furet show this?
Says he was writing at a time when Soviet totalitarianism was criticised by both sides
32 of 53
What does this explain about early thinkers of Marxism?
Early 20thC saw successful 'Marxist' revolution and growth in power of state - encouraged Marxist view of history
33 of 53
What does paragraph 3 look at?
Early gender identity
34 of 53
How does paragraph 3 link to previous paragraphs?
Continued emphasis on women
35 of 53
Who was the first to take a gender perspective?
Joan B. Landes
36 of 53
When did Landes write?
37 of 53
What did Landes state at first?
That she was taking a feminist perspective
38 of 53
What does Landes look at?
How women were politically silenced during the French revolution
39 of 53
What theory does Landes make use of in her argument?
The separate spheres theory
40 of 53
Why does this theory make her argument redundant?
Later historians have shown it to be too simplistic
41 of 53
What does Landes' argument reflect?
Second wave feminism
42 of 53
What is paragraph 4 on?
Recent gender historians
43 of 53
Who is the first historian in paragraph 4?
Olwen Hufton
44 of 53
When did Hufton write?
45 of 53
What did Hufton argue?
That women act on own volition not because of enforced societal roles
46 of 53
What did Hufton say was a result of the separate spheres theory?
Generic, theoretical women
47 of 53
Who is the final historian?
Lisa DiCaprio
48 of 53
When did DiCaprio write?
49 of 53
What did DiCaprio focus on?
Women and state in terms of welfare policy - how they were shapers as well as receivers
50 of 53
How did DiCaprio show that women were politically active?
Standing up for their rights
51 of 53
What rights did DiCaprio mean?
Higher wages and better working conditions
52 of 53
What wider shift in gender thought does this show?
Move from a view of male suppression to a consideration of nuances of gender relations
53 of 53

Other cards in this set

Card 2


What has gender identity retained?


Focus on women

Card 3


What is the topic of paragraph one?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Who was the trailblazer for Marxist history?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


When did Lefebvre write?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all History resources »