Age and crime: Sub-cultural Explanations - Crime and Deviance

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1. What theory says working class deviant youth subcultures are a form of ideological resistance and to what?

  • Marxism - Resistance to dominant adult value system shaped by middle class and capitalist values
  • Neo Marxism - Resistance to dominant adult value system shaped by middle class and capitalist values
  • Marxism - Resistance to dominant adult value system shaped by ruling class and capitalist values
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2. What Marxist criticised Cohen and how?

  • Brake - Working class youth more deviant because they're less likely to be in a position to show resistance to capitalism than older people
  • Brake - Working class youth more criminal because they're more likely to be in a position to show resistance to capitalism than older people
  • The other Cohen - Working class youth more criminal because they're more likely to be in a position to show resistance to capitalism than older people

3. What do Lea and Young think about the values of subculutures?

  • They are still located in values of wider society. Subcultures emerge because members subscribe to dominant values of society, but blocked off (due to marginalisation) from success. Outcome is street crime by young males
  • They arent still located in values of wider society. Subcultures emerge because members dont subscribe to dominant values of society, but blocked off (due to marginalisation) from success. Outcome is corporate crime by young females
  • They are still located in norms of smaller society. Cultures emerge because members subscribe to dominant vnorms of society, but blocked off (due to marginalisation) from success. Outcome is street crime by old males

4. Which Interactionist gives an evaluation of Subcultural theory?

  • Matza - Some groups in society, not including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation
  • Matza - All groups in society, including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation
  • Collison - All groups in society, including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation

5. What percentage of crime is commited by young people?

  • 50%
  • 60%
  • 40%

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