Age and crime: Sub-cultural Explanations - Crime and Deviance

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1. Which Interactionist gives an evaluation of Subcultural theory?

  • Matza - Some groups in society, not including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation
  • Matza - All groups in society, including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation
  • Collison - All groups in society, including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation
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2. What is the 'illegitimate opportunity structure'?

  • Parrel to legal infrastructure, all subcultures have a regular illegal career avaliable with illegal means of obtaining society's goals
  • Parrel to legal structure, some subcultures have a regular illegal career avaliable with illegal means of obtaining society's goals
  • Parrel to illegal structure, some cultures have a irregular legal unemployment avaliable with legal means of rejecting society's goals

3. Cohen - What do the boys reject and where most often?

  • Reject values and patterns of 'acceptable' behaviour they couldnt be successful in - In schools
  • Reject norms and patterns of 'acceptable' behaviour they could be successful in - In Colleges
  • Reject values and patterns of 'unacceptable' behaviour they could be successful in - In gangs

4. Marxist subcultural theory - Which two Marxist say how race is treated in terms of Crime and Deviance?

  • Scraton and Gordon - police and media show race as a problem, ethnic minorities in worse socio-economic position than white majority this lead to cultures of resistance based on anti-colonial struggles, young members commit crimes as a political act
  • Brake and Hebdige - police and media show race as a problem, ethnic minorities in worse socio-economic position than white majority this lead to cultures of resistance based on anti-colonial struggles, young members commit crimes as a political act
  • Snider and Gordon - police and media show race as a problem, ethnic minorities in worse socio-economic position than white majority this lead to cultures of resistance based on anti-colonial struggles, young members commit crimes as a political act

5. What are three evaluation points of Marxist sub-cultural theory?

  • Assumes a common value system (Marxist crit), Doesn't explain why people do or don't be in deviant subcultures, Understates gender race class, Over focus on w/c males not other deviant subcultures
  • Marxists underestimate extent some changes in youth culture are manufactured by capiatlaism & shaped by consumerism, Little empiracle research evidence,Katz (postmod) crime seduces young males for thrill not ideology & Lyng says edgework
  • Marxists overestimate extent some changes in culture are manufactured by youth & shaped by consumerism, Too much empiracle research evidence,Katz (Func) crime seduces young females for thrill not ideology & Lyng says centrework

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