Age and crime: Sub-cultural Explanations - Crime and Deviance

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1. Which Interactionist gives an evaluation of Subcultural theory?

  • Matza - All groups in society, including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation
  • Collison - All groups in society, including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation
  • Matza - Some groups in society, not including subculutres, use a shared set of subterranean values, most people control deviant desires, use techniques of neutralisation
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2. What does Cohen's theory lead to?

  • Status frustration - sense of personal failure and humilation
  • Achieved status frustration - sense of personal failure and humilation
  • Status frustration - sense of societal failure and humilation

3. What are the two critisms of Scraton and Gordon and who are they from?

  • Lea and Young (Left Realists) - Majority of crimes intra-racial so not political struggle against the white majority, argue Scraton is romanticing crime and criminals and thus ignoring the real harm to victims
  • Lea and Young (Right Realists) - Majority of crimes intra-racial so not political struggle against the white majority, argue Scraton is romanticing crime and criminals and thus ignoring the real harm to victims
  • Lea and Young (Interactionalists) - Majority of crimes intra-racial so not political struggle against the white majority, argue Scraton is romanticing crime and criminals and thus ignoring the real harm to victims

4. What are two evaluative points of Cloward and Ohlin?

  • It shows that some people have a criminal opportunity structure, easy to accept that everyone would fit into one of just three categories
  • It shows that some people have a criminal opportunity structure, difficult to accept that everyone would fit into one of just three categories
  • It shows that some people have a criminal opportunity structure, difficult to accept that everyone would fit into one of just five categories

5. What do most of these groups happen to be?

  • Male and working class
  • Female and working class
  • Male and under-class class

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