Age and crime: Sub-cultural Explanations - Crime and Deviance

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1. Marxist subcultural theory - Which two Marxist say how race is treated in terms of Crime and Deviance?

  • Scraton and Gordon - police and media show race as a problem, ethnic minorities in worse socio-economic position than white majority this lead to cultures of resistance based on anti-colonial struggles, young members commit crimes as a political act
  • Brake and Hebdige - police and media show race as a problem, ethnic minorities in worse socio-economic position than white majority this lead to cultures of resistance based on anti-colonial struggles, young members commit crimes as a political act
  • Snider and Gordon - police and media show race as a problem, ethnic minorities in worse socio-economic position than white majority this lead to cultures of resistance based on anti-colonial struggles, young members commit crimes as a political act
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2. What is the link between gender and subcultural theory?

  • Sub-cultural theory is underwhelmingly male, male behaviour
  • Sub-cultural theory is overwhelmingly male, male behaviour
  • Sub-cultural theory is overwhelmingly female, male behaviour

3. What Funcitonalist says 'lower class' boys emulate middle class values and aspirations but lack what?

  • Cohen - The means to achieve this success
  • Cloward - The means to achieve this success
  • Cohen - The success to achieve this means

4. What has been the influence of functionalist subcultural theory?

  • Venkatesh's study of US drug gang supports it as members held mainstream values (money) but used different means (drugs) to achieve goals, also structure is similar to companies (Hirachy, meetings, promotion),desire to be included leads to exclusion
  • Poole's study of US drug gang supports it as members held mainstream values (money) but used different means (drugs) to achieve goals, also structure is similar to companies (Hirachy, meetings, promotion),desire to be included leads to exclusion
  • Venkatesh's study of US drug gang challenged it as members held subculture values(Money) but used same means (selling) to achieve goals, also structure is similar to companies (Hirachy, meetings, promotion),desire to be excluded leads to inclusion

5. Sub-cultural theory includes reasearch into youth groups who have their own what?

  • Own taste in music, tv, media, etc
  • Own set of norms and values
  • Own style, dress, hair, etc

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