Age and crime: Sub-cultural Explanations - Crime and Deviance

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1. Cohen - when these boys fail in schools and feel humilated what do they do and why?

  • To gain status - They 'invert' traditional middle class vaues - behaving badly and anti-social behaviour
  • To lose status - They 'invert' traditional middle class vaues - behaving goodly and social behaviour
  • To gain status - They 'invert' traditional working class vaues - behaving feminine and social behaviour
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2. What Marxist criticised Cohen and how?

  • Brake - Working class youth more deviant because they're less likely to be in a position to show resistance to capitalism than older people
  • Brake - Working class youth more criminal because they're more likely to be in a position to show resistance to capitalism than older people
  • The other Cohen - Working class youth more criminal because they're more likely to be in a position to show resistance to capitalism than older people

3. Which Left Realists said subcultures develop amongst groups who suffer what?

  • Lea and Young - Realtive deprivation and marginalisation - Specific sets of values, dress, behaviour develop that reflect problems members face
  • Jock and Young - Realtive deprivation and marginalisation - Specific sets of values, dress, behaviour develop that reflect problems members face
  • Lea and Reiner - Realtive deprivation and marginalisation - Specific sets of values, nakedness, behaviour develop that reflect positives members face

4. What has been the influence of functionalist subcultural theory?

  • Venkatesh's study of US drug gang supports it as members held mainstream values (money) but used different means (drugs) to achieve goals, also structure is similar to companies (Hirachy, meetings, promotion),desire to be included leads to exclusion
  • Poole's study of US drug gang supports it as members held mainstream values (money) but used different means (drugs) to achieve goals, also structure is similar to companies (Hirachy, meetings, promotion),desire to be included leads to exclusion
  • Venkatesh's study of US drug gang challenged it as members held subculture values(Money) but used same means (selling) to achieve goals, also structure is similar to companies (Hirachy, meetings, promotion),desire to be excluded leads to inclusion

5. Who wrote the book 'Bad Bussiness' and what was it about?

  • Dick Hobbs - Interviewed successful professional criminals and shows how its possible to have a career in crime given the right connections and 'qualities'
  • Dick Hobbs - Observed unsuccessful professional deviants and shows how its impossible to have a career in deviancy given the right connections and 'inequalities'
  • Dick Hobnobs - Questionaired successful professional criminals and shows how its possible to have a career in crime given the right connections and 'qualities'

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