Acids & bases

HideShow resource information
What is an acid?
Proton donors,they have the ability to produce H+ ions
1 of 14
What is an alkali?
A substance which releases OH- ions in solution (solube)
2 of 14
What is a base?
A proton acceptor (insoluble)
3 of 14
What happens to a weak acid in water?
Partially dissociates in water, equilibrium lies on the left
4 of 14
What happens to a strong acid in water?
Fully dissociates in water
5 of 14
What is a salt?
A salt is produced when the H+ ion of an acid is replaced by a metal ion or NH4+
6 of 14
How is a hydroxonium ion made?
When acids are released into aqueous solutions, water molecules act as bases and accept protons and form a dative covalent bond. The resulting molecule is known as a hydroxonium ion (H3O+).
7 of 14
Formula for Nitric Acid?
HNO3
8 of 14
Formula for Sulfuric Acid?
H2SO4
9 of 14
Formula for Phosphoric Acid?
H3PO4
10 of 14
Formula for Ethanoic acid?
H3CCOOH
11 of 14
Formula for Methanoic acid?
HCOOH
12 of 14
What is a hydrated salt?
A salt which contains water
13 of 14
What is the water called in a salt?
The water of crystallisation (nH2O)
14 of 14

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is an alkali?

Back

A substance which releases OH- ions in solution (solube)

Card 3

Front

What is a base?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happens to a weak acid in water?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens to a strong acid in water?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Acids, bases and salts resources »