ABNORMALATIES PSYCHOLOGY

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CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
class systems based on cultural assumptions of abnormal/norml behave (West, abnormal to hear voices, not true for all sub/cultures, consider desirable).defnie mental illness by 'social norms'=western class system bias=make others ill when normal.
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PERSONALITY (intelligence) TESTS
part of diagnostic process uses P/I T. (made by western psychologists using western norms/definitions stadardised on western p's). = non western assessed less accuratley
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IMMIGRANTS
(evidnece=sub/cultures groups treated differently) COCHRANE AND SASHIDHARAN afro-carribean 7x > white (schiz) (ethnic minor=more stress=mh prob)LITTLEWOOD&LIPSEDGE most im white (Bias only to black)
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SUBCULTURE
subcultural bias JOHNSTONE p's from lowe socioeconomic more likley to spend longer in hospitals, be perscribed physical not psychological treat and have prognostics
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OVER DIAGNOSIS
over diagnosis of mental dissorders in certain culture due to genetic diff rather than cultural bias. (eg afro-car more genetic vulnerable to schiz) WORLD HEALTH ORG study=diagnosis for afro-car are highest in UK
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MALGADY
MALGADY problem with over/under diagnosis as type1 and type 2 error. type 2 (believe no bias so fail to recog/treat problem-acepting a fake null hypothesis) type 1 (thik there is bias when not,reject null). M type 2 more serious= desirble accpept bia
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GENDER BIAS PSYCHOLOGY
psychiatry male dominated=male behaviour is standard for comparissons='normal' female behaviour considere illness.(eg anorexia nervosa, no period, all suffers female).ROBINS ET AL women>depression/phobia men>alcohol abuse/anti social behav.bipo/schiz
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STEREOTYPES
led to question why differences with some and not all dissorders.bias from gender sterotypes.FORD & WIDIGER Histocronic Personality Dissorder diagnosed correct 80% females but 30% males.WORRELL & REMER due to sex sterotype (women more hysterical)
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RELIANCE ON MALE SAMPLE
LEO & CARTAGENA studies of mental diss relied on male sample as females changes monthy due hormone changes. may influces classification system (innapropraite aplied to women). women underpresented= lessable to deal with female patients
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REAL DIFFERENCE
possible some difference are real (not dueto bias) eg gender differences and social roles of women may epalin depresion. homromes=high depression in women.(month, childbirth,menopause). WEISMANN ET AL some evidence of hormanes not that significant
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'DIFFERENCE' EXPLANTATION
NOLEN-HOEKSEMA men respond differently to depression,women focus on negative emotions,more likely to seek help. Men use distractions (alcohol) to cope. supported by bipolar, same symptoms, no 'difference'
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SHOULD IT BE USED
unreliable and innacurate so sholdnt be used? however same is partly true for medial diagnosis in general yet dont abandonthat. Both ICD and DSM continually updated so relability and validity always increase
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part of diagnostic process uses P/I T. (made by western psychologists using western norms/definitions stadardised on western p's). = non western assessed less accuratley

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PERSONALITY (intelligence) TESTS

Card 3

Front

(evidnece=sub/cultures groups treated differently) COCHRANE AND SASHIDHARAN afro-carribean 7x > white (schiz) (ethnic minor=more stress=mh prob)LITTLEWOOD&LIPSEDGE most im white (Bias only to black)

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Card 4

Front

subcultural bias JOHNSTONE p's from lowe socioeconomic more likley to spend longer in hospitals, be perscribed physical not psychological treat and have prognostics

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

over diagnosis of mental dissorders in certain culture due to genetic diff rather than cultural bias. (eg afro-car more genetic vulnerable to schiz) WORLD HEALTH ORG study=diagnosis for afro-car are highest in UK

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