A Comedy - Greek Background info

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 10-06-13 12:11
Explain Greek Old and New comedy
Old Comedy = C5 BC - Aristophanes : 447-385BC, New Comedy = C4 BC
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What were some of the similarities between old and new comedy?
Same Acropolis/ Still to Dionysus/ Rules still the same/ Actors = masked
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What were some of the differences?
The stage becam higher = separation of chorus and actors/ Costumes bacame mundane/ Subject matter changed
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McLeish says that comedy falls into three types which are:
Comedy (human/human relationships + People and relationships), Tragedy (God/human relationships + People and relationships) and Farce (just for the LOLs)
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What elements are found throughout Aristophanes' Old Comedy?
Fantasy/ Satirical elements/ making fun of officials/ social comment
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What changed with new comedy and why?
There were hardly any political comments and no public criticisms, due to Alexander's rule
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What is the general plot of Greek Old Comedy?
Boy Meets Girl - Cant marry because X - Stuff - X turns out to be a big misunderstanding - Yay!
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What were the 4 stages of C5 Athens?
1) Pride after victory against the Persians, 2) Flourishing of democracy, art and theatre under Pericles, 3)Problems with allies, espec Sparta, 4)War and Suffering +Political instability
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When and what were the 3 most notable Grecian battles?
490BC = 1st Persian invasion of Greece, 480BC = Victory in the Naval battle of Salamis, 479BC = Platea Greek victory - Spartan Army
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Why mention the battles in Aristophanes?
They represent a time when Greece was united, proud and victorious (also some older members of the aud. may have fought in them)
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The references to these battles in Lysistrata
They sow the ineffectualness of the magistrates and the effects of a prolongued war
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The references to these battles in The Frogs
The reference to Cleophon who supported the ongoing war, the Assembly's decision at Arganusaie and the need for saviour
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What kinds of things were discussed at the Assembly?
The scruitiny of magistrates, the corn supply, security, cofiscated property, private debates, heiresses, sacred affairs and political business
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Who was Pericles?
He was a philosopher, orator and general who led Athens between 461-429BC, known as the "age of Pericles"
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When was the Peloponnesian War?
431-404 BC
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When was Lysistrata written?
411 BC
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When was The Frogs Written?
405 BC (the year before the end of the war)
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What were the two main festivals at which Aristoph. would have presented his plays?
The Lenaia and The Dionysia
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Why is Aristoph. such an important author when looking at Greek Old Comedy?
He is the only surviing author we have.
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What issues does this present?
That we have no other works to compare him against.
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What do the Plays Titles tell us?
They are taken from the Choruses which suggests that the chorus was incredibly important
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Card 2

Front

What were some of the similarities between old and new comedy?

Back

Same Acropolis/ Still to Dionysus/ Rules still the same/ Actors = masked

Card 3

Front

What were some of the differences?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

McLeish says that comedy falls into three types which are:

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What elements are found throughout Aristophanes' Old Comedy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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