A2 naturalistic observations

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  • Created by: mercymime
  • Created on: 08-10-13 20:36
what is naturalistic observation?
observation whereby the participants are observed in a natural setting.
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strengths 1
it is ecologically valid
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strenghts 2
no demand characteristics if the observer is not known by the participants
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weakness 1
not reliable as there are nocontrols
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weakness 2
observer has to wait for the behaviour to be show, so it takes time
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reliability: supports
naturalistic observations are reliable if the data is collected more than once and gives similar results
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reliability: no support
cannot be replicated and tested for reliability
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validity: support
has ecological validity
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validity: no support
not valid if participants are aware that they are being observed, then there will be high demand characteristics
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ethical issues: support
ethical if the consent of the individual is taken
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ethical issues: support
not ethical if participants are not aware that they are being tested
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use in child psychology 1
used by Parten (1932) to find out different types of play ion different ages of children
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use in child psychology 2
used by Crinic(2005) to find out if stress in parents affects children
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Card 2

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strengths 1

Back

it is ecologically valid

Card 3

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strenghts 2

Back

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Card 4

Front

weakness 1

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

weakness 2

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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