A2 Psychology-Phobic Disorders

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What is the DSM-IV?
The DSM-IV is one of the 2 classification systems for phobias, it was last updated in 2000. The other being the ICD-10
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Diagnosis of phobias is usually unambiguous and clear. It will include;
A persisten fear of the stimulus which is out of proportion to the real danger. An impending sense of something catastrophic. A compelling desire to avoid and escape the situation. Recognition that the fear is unreasonably excessive,but does not help
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What are the 3 categories of phobia as define by the DSM-IV
Agoraphobia- A fear of open spaces. Social Phobia- An intense and excessive fear of being in a social situation. Specific phobia- A phobia of a specific item, such as a phobia of button.
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What are the symptoms of fear?
Cognitive-Thought based, worrying about what will happen excessively. Behavioural- Not being able to move or running away, or avoidance behaviour. Emotional-Feelings of dread, terror etc Physical- The SNS, the fight or flight response.
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What are some issues of the classification system?
Reliability, Stigmatisation, Subjectivity...
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Who is Thomas Szasz?
Thomas Szasz came up with the concept of 'the myth of mental illness'. He critised the mere idea of classifying a phobia, as he said they don't exist, but are simply problem of everyday life.
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Diagnosis of phobias is usually unambiguous and clear. It will include;

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A persisten fear of the stimulus which is out of proportion to the real danger. An impending sense of something catastrophic. A compelling desire to avoid and escape the situation. Recognition that the fear is unreasonably excessive,but does not help

Card 3

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What are the 3 categories of phobia as define by the DSM-IV

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Card 4

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What are the symptoms of fear?

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Card 5

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What are some issues of the classification system?

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