A2 English Language Change theorists

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David Crystal
Descriptivist
1 of 20
David Crytal global spread of English Language
Chinese could overthrow English
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David Crystal understanding words
Only the most literate can manipulate language
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David Crystal use of abbreviations and initialisms in texting
Used in order to not waste characters
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Peter Trudgill
Descriptivist
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Peter Trudgill changes in meaning do not cause confusion
Newer versions of the word have become more commonly used than the older word
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Jean Aitchison
Talks about people's views, not prescriptivist or descriptivist
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Aitchison external sociological factors - social needs
How fashionable it is to use language and foreign influence
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Aitchison internal socioliogical factors - gap between language and technology
All language geared towards younger users
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Aitchison 3 possibilities of language change
Slowly evolving to a more efficient state, language can neither progress or decay, slow decay
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Aitchison's crumbling castle metaphor
Language should be preserved
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Aitchison's damp spoon metaphor
Language changes because people are lazy
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Aitchison infectious disease metaphor
People pick up language changes to fit in with certain social groups
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Halliday's functional theory
New words occur because we need them - new inventions
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James Milroy
Descriptivist
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James Milroy's argument
Never has been a golden age of English language because it is always changing
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Leech's politeness stratergies
Tact, modesty, agreement
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Giles accomadation theory
Convergence and divergence
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Fairclough degrees of modality
Epistemic and deontic
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Lakoff
Language in women is weaker and men are more direct
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Card 2

Front

David Crytal global spread of English Language

Back

Chinese could overthrow English

Card 3

Front

David Crystal understanding words

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

David Crystal use of abbreviations and initialisms in texting

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Peter Trudgill

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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