3.6

  • Created by: roserose
  • Created on: 13-10-16 15:18
What are peptides?
Peptides are polymers made up of monomers called amino acids.
1 of 8
What elements do all proteins contain?
Carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen.
2 of 8
What is the basic structure of an amino acid?
General structure :
3 of 8
How many different amino acids are commonly found in cells?
20
4 of 8
What are non-essential amino acids?
Five of the twenty amino acids commonly found in the cells are called non-essential amino acids as the body can make them from other amino acids.
5 of 8
What are essential amino acids?
Nine of the twenty different amino acids commonly found in the cells are known as essential amino acids as they can only be obtained from what we eat.
6 of 8
What are conditionally essential amino acids?
Six of the twenty different amino acide present in the cells are known as being conditionally essential as they are only needed by infants and growing children.
7 of 8
How do amino acids join?
Amino acids join when the carboxyl and amine groups connected to the central carbon atoms react. The hydroxyl in the carboxylic acid group of one amino acid reacts with one hydrogen atom in the amine group of another amino acid.
8 of 8

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What elements do all proteins contain?

Back

Carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen.

Card 3

Front

What is the basic structure of an amino acid?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many different amino acids are commonly found in cells?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are non-essential amino acids?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Ancient History resources:

See all Ancient History resources »See all 3.6 resources »