- Created by: James_Harrison16
- Created on: 17-02-20 12:44
Social classes and the Senate
- Patricians - Top of society and around 30 families, whealth from land.
- Equites - Very wealthy merchants.
- Plebs - Lowest class and 95% of population.
- The higher the man the greater his duty to look after those below him.
- Made up of 200-300, usually patricians but equites and plebs could be senators.
- To be a senator had to be elected to junior office of quaestor.
- Was an advisory body, did not pass laws.
- Laws proposed by Consuls or tribunes and voted upon by the people in assemblies.
- Senates advice usually followed.
- Was the only permanante body in the rulling of Rome
- Stopped individuals gaining to much power.
1 of 4
The Magistrates/the Cursus Honorum
The Magistrates/Cursus Honorum
- Senators could be elected by the people as a Questor, Aedile, Tribune, Praetor and Consul.
- Consulx2 - Cheif officials of Republic who commanded the army and handled national and foreign affairs. Gained imperium after a year and become a governor/proconsul.(Age 42)
- Praetorsx8 - Judical/law officials, second to Consuls. Could become propraetors/govoners, could have imperium.(Age 39)
- Aedilesx4 - In charge of water and corn supplys aswell as organization of games.(Age 36)
- Quaestorsx20 - Assisted Consuls and supervised state finance.(Age 30)
- Tribune - The office for plebs, 10 elected each year and had the right to Veto.
- Censor - Was an ex Consul and older member of the senate who organised elections.
- Dictatorship - In a time of crisis, the Senate could appoint a dictator for six months who had complete controll of millitary and civil affairs.
- The Lex Villa Annalis - Set the minimum age limits and stated that you had to be in Rome to be elected aswell as not having consecutive Consulships.
2 of 4
Importance of tribunes
Importance of tribunes
- Officials elected by the people with power to prevent any action by the state that was percieved to be against the plebians.
- Can Veto(rejecting a decision or proposal) any polotician except a dictator.
- Peoples assemblys had power to pass laws
- Populares senators used tribunes to pass measures through assemblys without suport of the Senate.
- Sulla abolished the right to Veto and barred them from future political office.
- Reversed after Sulla's death by Pompey and Crassus as Consuls.
- 67BC tribune Gabinius secured Popmpey's command against the pirates
- 66BC tribune Manilius secured Pompey's command against the Mithridates.
- 59BC Vatinius proposed bills granting Caesar Cisalpine Gaul and ratifying Pompey's eastern settlement.
- 49BC Anthonys SCU against Ceasar ignored by Senate.
- 43BC Titius proposed 2nd triumvirate.
3 of 4
Optimates and Populares and The Popular Assemblies
Optimates and Populares
- Were no political parties but we can categorize senators as either Populares or Optimates.
- Optimates belived in the power of the Senate and did not want the plebs to gain more power.
- Populares in favour of the people and used them aswell as the army to increase their power in the state.
The Popular Assemblies
- Comitia Centuriata - Elected magistrates with impeerium.
- Comitia Tributa - Elected lesser magistrates.
- Consilium Plebis - elected Tribunes.
- Tiberius and Gaius as Tribunes recommended land reforms and were murderd by the Senate.
- Showed that Tribunes could propose laws wich benefited the people and themselves.
4 of 4