WM 8.1 Acids and Bases

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  • Created by: Ciara
  • Created on: 29-08-14 10:07

Acid: a proton donor

Base: a proton receptor

Alkali: a base that dissolves in water to form hydroxide ions

Bronsted and Lowry

HCl (aq) + H2O (l)  ---> H3O+ (aq)  +  Cl- (aq)

  • HCl is an acid because it looses a proton
  • Water is a base because it accepts protons
  • For the reverse reaction, the oxonium ion (H3O+) acts as an acid
  • The chloride ion is a base for the reverse reaction because it accepts a proton

Conjugate Pair

  • For every acid,


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