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Slide 2

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ACIDS
Are neutralised by BASES
and react with
CARBONATES to form
C02
Brönsted-Lowry theory says that acids
are PROTON DONORS ( give protons
away or H+)…read more

Slide 3

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IN WATER ACIDS...
DISSOLVE and REACT with the water.
An OXONIUM ION is formed which looks like...
It has the formula of
H30+
It is formed because the acid donates a
proton to the water. The water is a
BASE because it is a PROTON
ACCEPTOR.…read more

Slide 4

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ACID/BASE PAIRS
A
All Acids
conjugate
have...
base!
Some acids can act as both acids and bases. Some substances
can be acids in the presence of a strong base because it
wants to gain protons and so the "acid" donates them.…read more

Slide 5

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SO WHY ARE DIFFERENT ACIDS
DIFFERENT STRENGTHS
Well... its the acids ABILITY to DONATE protons which
gives it different strengths. The better the ability to
donate protons the stronger the acid.
Getting more acidic...Better ability to donate
protons.
A strong acid will dissociate in water fully.
A weak acid will not.…read more

Slide 6

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ALKALI'S
An alkali is just a soluble base.
It produces hydroxide ions.
OH-
It can be part of a compound or can be produced in a reaction
with water…read more

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